yl.beam # 51 Oct. 2017

Local-is-Lekker &  Ja-No-Well-Fine
Sputnik  launched 60 years ago
2017 JOTA-JOTI Theme — 60 Years Connecting Scouts  
Les Mitchell - G3BHK (Sk) Founder of JOTA ( Jamboree on the Air)
BACAR5 launch & ARHAB (Amateur Radio High Altitude Balloon)
Ladies on the Air net Ladies Tea Time Net - Barb Schlueter, KDØWAU 
Contacts & Calendar 
Local-is-Lekker:  Midlands ARC held their AGM 16 September 2017 when Marjoke ZS5V was awarded the Cindy Cup (for always on air when needed, with great organisational skills)
October 60 years ago Sputnik was launched and this October Scouts celebrate 60 years of JOTA.  A South African Amateur Radio Balloon launch is a convenient connection between them.
Please go to the Australian and Scandanavian ladies web sites to view pictures of their events, held September 2017; 
Please share your news, events, pictures and thoughts – 33 & 88  Ed. Eda ZS5YH/ZS6YE

Sputnik  launched 60 years ago
October 4, 2017, marks the 60th anniversary of the launch of Sputnik, the first artificial satellite. It operated for only 92 days and did not carry any specific scientific equipment, but its transmitter generated radio signals heard around the world and that marked the beginning of the Space Age. 
Officially, Sputnik was launched to correspond with the International Geophysical Year, a solar period that the International Council of Scientific Unions declared would be ideal for the launching of artificial satellites to study Earth and the solar system.
Sputnik’s official designation was “PS-1” or “Elementary Satellite 1” in Russian.  Traveling at 18,000 miles an hour, its elliptical orbit had an apogee (farthest point from Earth) of 584 miles and a perigee (nearest point) of 143 miles. Visible with binoculars before sunrise or after sunset, Sputnik transmitted radio signals back to Earth strong enough to be picked up by amateur radio operators. 
 Sputnik was in the form of a sphere, 23 inches (58 centimeters) in diameter, pressurized with nitrogen, it weighed 184.3-pound (83.6 kg). The craft’s primary function was to place a radio transmitter into orbit around the Earth as it circled Earth once every hour and 36 minutes.  Four radio antennas trailed behind. Two radio transmitters within the sphere broadcast a distinctive 'beep-beep' sound that was picked up all over the world. Silver-zinc batteries powered the transmitter for 22 days before giving out.
After about three months, in January 1958, Sputnik’s orbit deteriorated, as expected, and the spacecraft burned up in the atmosphere.
.Despite its simplicity, Sputnik 1 also served science. The USSR built a network of observational stations throughout the country to track its path. Based on those observations, researchers obtained new information on the atmospheric density at Sputnik’s altitudes, and a new branch of science was conceived—space geodesy. 
Special call sign R60SAT will be active from 00-00UTC October the 1st 2017 till 23-59 UTC October the 8th 2017. This activity is to commemorate the 60th anniversary of the launch of the world’s first artificial satellite orbiting Earth.

2017 JOTA-JOTI Theme — 60 Years Connecting Scouts
The theme “60 Years Connecting Scouts” recognizes the start of the event in 1957, commemorating growth in expanding communication channels activated on the third weekend in October, 20 to 22 October 2017.
Those channels include communication via radio, Internet, social media, ScoutLink and IRC chat services, Skype, and more. It also recognizes the goal of the event – connecting Scouts  This allows them to discover geographic and cultural differences and similarities. Plus, they are exposed to the technology that makes all this happen.
pic JotaFounder

Founder of JOTA ( Jamboree on the Air)     Les Mitchell - G3BHK (1923- 2014) died on October 6, 2014.
The young Les Mitchell was a sea-scout and later joined the Royal Navy, where he was trained in radio. He spent a year in the U.S.A. and another in Australia, becoming a Scout Leader in both countries. When he became a radio amateur, with his own call sign G3BHK, what struck him was the similarity between Scouts and Radio Amateurs in the friendly way they transcend class, creed, colour, religion and political boundaries.
In 1957, a World Scout Jamboree was held at Sutton Park, England, with 35,000 Scouts from 62 countries attending. For the first time at any World Jamboree local radio amateurs installed and operated a large station under the call sign GB3SP (Sutton Park). Scouts and leaders were allowed to visit, as long as they stayed behind the little fence with the flower pots and kept the noise down.
Les Mitchel, G3BHK, (9 December 1923 – 6 October 2014), a British Scout leader at the time, wrote:
 “I was very surprised by the number of overseas Scout radio amateurs attending the Jamboree and decided that some effort should be made to bring them all together. A notice in the Jamboree Newspaper resulted in daily coffee meetings during which we got to know each other and had a good rag chew. Towards the end of the Jamboree we were all a little sad at our impending departure, and someone casually remarked that we might try to contact each other on the air. This then developed into the idea of trying to make contact on one specific day in order to concentrate our efforts, and I was asked to make the necessary arrangements”. Unknowingly, Les became the JOTA founding father. (This was his own choice of title for Les felt it described exactly what the event was – a Jamboree-on-the-Air.)
In October 1957, Les organized a weekend station with his local Scout group to test the idea. They made contacts all over the world and it was obvious that the interest was such that a worldwide Radio Jamboree could be envisaged
There have been changes which have improved the event. One is the change from Amplitude Modulation (AM) to Single Side Band (SSB). The second improvement, the miniaturisation of equipment. In 1958 a single station consisted of several large sized and heavy pieces of equipment; today one can carry a complete station in a small suitcase and assemble it within a few minutes. It is only the aerial which still needs the same amount of installation time as it did in the past!
With the advent of the Internet, and following the same concept that JOTA had used for decades, amateur radio is still making long-distances contacts. In 2013, the World Scout Committee decided to join JOTA and JOTI together into one big event. 
First held in conjunction with the fiftieth anniversary of Scouting in 1957, it is now considered the largest annual event scheduled by the WOSM (.World Organization of the Scout Movement )
Les Mitchell, G3BHK (Silent Key) - Founder JOTA, was Inducted into CQ Hall of Fame 2016

BACAR- Balloon Carrying Amateur Radio
Launch of BACAR 5 will be at Trichardt Model Airplane grounds, near Secunda, 21 October 2017.
BACAR5 has received clearance from CAMU to launch on 21 Oct 2017
We will start filling the balloon at 06:00Z. Launch site will be at the Trichardt model airfield
Frequencies will be confirmed closer to the launch. Chase teams are always welcome. 
The launch moved to 21 October to give the YOTA and CQ Hou Koers youth a chance to experience the parrot repeater on the BACAR5 payload
Christo ZR6LJK  SARL Forum Event: The BACAR5 launch on 21 Oct 17  ZR6LJK Posted - 17/09/2017 
ARHAB (Amateur Radio High Altitude Balloon)
aka   BACAR (Balloon Carrying Amateur Radio)    aka   HABEX   (High Altitude Balloon Experiment Launch)
High-altitude balloons are unmanned balloons, usually filled with helium or hydrogen, released into the stratosphere, reaching between 60,000 to 120,000 feet (18 to 37 km). Launched into what is termed "near space" the area of Earth's atmosphere where there is very little air, but where the remaining amount generates too much drag for satellites to remain in orbit.
ARHAB often flown by students and by amateur groups for both scientific and educational purposes, do not require many resources for conducting a launch. A  flight consists of a balloon, a recovery parachute, and a payload. 
Most flights use an Automatic Packet Reporting System (APRS) tracker which gets its position from a Global Positioning System (GPS) receiver and converts it to a digital radio transmission. Other flights may use an analog beacon and are tracked using radio direction finding techniques. Long duration flights frequently use high frequency, custom built transmitters and slow data protocols, to transmit data over great distances using little battery power. Other payload components may include sensors, data loggers, cameras, amateur television (ATV) etc.
Common uses include weather, atmospheric and climate research. They are also widely used to collect data and imagery from near space and  submillimetre astronomy. Testing radio range is often a large component to these hobbies
Use of amateur radio transmitters on an ARHAB flight requires an amateur radio license, but non-amateur radio transmitters are possible to use without a license.

Ladies on the Air net: A Dream Come True
Barb Schlueter, KDØWAU from Andover, Kansas,(USA) gave a presentation to the Quarter Century Wireless Association in Wichita, Kansas on December 20, 2016.  She spoke about starting the “Ladies On The Air Net.” 
Via Echolink in July 2013, Barb heard “The Breakfast Club”, hosted by Don McLain, KB8RAD, of the Central Michigan Amateur Radio Club. Barb expressed an interest to Don about a ladies net in Wichita. Don introduced Barb to his wife, Julie, KB8ZXR, who was running a “Lady's Tea Time Net” in the evenings, on Echolink.
Barb was a member of the Wichiata Amateur Radio Club (WARC). In December 2015, she was elected treasurer and assumed Net Control every couple of weeks. During the February 2016 Installation of Officers Dinner she expressed a desire to have a lady's net where only lady hams could talk. Barb exchanged emails with Julie to learn more. She logged into Julie’s net to get operating experience. Julie said the gentlemen’s segment was important to keep conversation flowing. Barb contacted Glenn Holbrook, W5GEH, for guidance on an unscripted net. Glenn runs an Antenna Net and told Barb a golden rule. “Barb, just because YOU think something is interesting doesn’t mean everybody else does!”
In June and July, Barb searched for some ladies who were willing to talk on the air. She had sign-up sheets at Wichita Amateur Radio Club Field Day and placed fliers at the local Derby Radio Shack where Hams frequent. Also, in July, the Kan-Okla Intertie System posted to its Facebook page the following comment: “It has come to the board’s attention that the ladies would like to start ladies net on Tuesday nights. The board members of the Kan-Okla would like to offer the system on Tuesday nights to the ladies. Just want everyone to know just in case they decide to use the system.”
On July 19, 2016, the ladies had their first net.. Presently, 19 ladies are participating. Typically, nine to 11 ladies participate in the net. The objective is to be able to communicate, make friends, share interests and remember Glenn’s golden rule!
It is sad to note that Barb’s mentor, Julie McLain, KB8ZXR, became a silent key in May. Julie was a true joy to hear on the Ladies Tea Time Net in Michigan.            http://www.arrlmidwest.org/pdfs/ar;,wd=may2017news.pd
ARRL Midwest Div. Newsletter, May 2017 Wayne Schlueter KD0WAT – Editor Grounded Grid, Wichita Kansas

Ladies On The Air  www.facebook.com/LadiesOnTheAir/ 
The purpose of Ladies On The Air is to encourage Lady Ham Radio Operators to have fun getting out on the air each week talking to other Lady Hams. Tuesdays 8 PM Central KanOkla Intertie System Echolink Node: W0UUS-R  
Email Callsign to KD0WAU@cox.net to obtain access through Echolink
Barb Schlueter,- KD0WAU BIO    https://www.qrz.com/lookup 
I passed my General in October of 2013 and my Extra in April 2017 In my house there is always a new radio to learn!   I am well versed in computers so naturally I want to manage the radio through software. I have a Yaesu 817, 897, 857, 920 and a Kenwood TM-V71. I interface them to Ham Radio Delux and Signalink working with PSK31 using fldigi. I use a vertical antenna called a Grasshopper, an Alpha Delta DX-CC Dipole for HF and a GP6 for UHF/VHF up about 20 feet. I started a local Ladies Net on a 70 Centimeter UHF repeater and it is now tied to the KanOkla Intertie System.
Contacts:   Facebook ‘HAM YL’ ;
 yl.beam newsletters  zs6ye.yl@gmail.com    
Archive copies of yl.beam available @ :
& Italian Radio Amateurs Union: QTC U.R.I. –  La rivista della Unione Radioamatori Italiani

Calendar : October 2017
05     Oct  SARL 80 metre QSO Party [RSA]
06- 08      Oct  DX/NA YL Anniversary Contest  (YLRL)  SSB/CW/Digital Oct 6, 1400 UTC to 0200 UTC Oct 8. Logs due: Nov 6
07     Oct  SARL Spring QRP Sprint (RSA)
07-08  Oct  Antique Wireless Assoc. (AWA) -  AM and SSB Contest (RSA)
10     Oct  Ada Lovelace Day  2nd Tuesday  (International)
13-16  Oct  RSGB Convention  [Friday to Monday]
19>23  Oct  RAE (RSA)
21     Oct  BACAR 5 launch  & CQ Hou Koers
20-22  Oct  JOTA/ JOTI 60th Jamboree on the Air / Internet
26     Oct SAMMN (S African Maritime Mobile Net) 38th Aniversary Started 1979
28-29  Oct  CQ WW DX Phone Contest [Sat-Sun] 
31         Oct  Witches On The Air /    Halloween 

November 2017
4            November SARL RaDAR Challenge RSA
5            November PEARS HF Contest RSA/    Ballarat Hamvention  2017  Aus.

BACAR - Wikipedia; YL #16 Newsletter  - Oct  2013


yl.beam #49

Silent Keys
YL Celebrations & Meets
Local-is-Lekker: Robben Island,    Lesotho 
WOMENS  DAY  9th  August 2017 Net & SARL YL Sprint
37th  A.L.A.R.A. CONTEST 2017   
QRZ Contacts
RaDAR “Challenge”

Silent Keys
From Laura Fanelli 16/07/2017:
On 11 July 2017, ZS6APS Jimmy, OM of Pam Momberg ZS6APT, unexpectedly went Silent Key. Pam is a long time YL operator (she was Sec. of  SAWRC 1978) and she and Jimmy always worked as a team. We send sincere condolenses to Pam and family, and the Centurion Radio Amateur Club – he will be missed.

YL events to Celebrate:
1º Aniversário YLs Portugal JULY 26, 2017
YLC (Chile) celebrating 3rd Anniversary with SSB phone Event on 40m
from Saturday 26 August, 00:00 Hrs CE, until Sunday 27 August, 24:00 Hrs CE
Logs to be submitted by 10 Sept. 2017  e-mail  contactos@ylc.cl 

Next YL Meets 2017 :
08-10     Sept  ALARA meet in Cairns, Queensland, Australia.
08-10     Sept  SYLRA in Kungsbacka SM6/Sweden (West coast)
Registration is now closed. If you want to participate you need to contact Anita SM6FXW or Solveig SM6KAT on:   sylra2017@hotmail.com    http://www.sylra.is/

Robben Island,(ZS9V)  IOTA AF-064, Group of South African Radio Amateurs will be active  9 - 13 August 2017 on 80, 40, 20, 15, 10m SSB, CW, Digital Modes. Further information on the Dxpedition  will be published on www.zs9v.org.za
Lesotho, 7P8 Sani Pass region, will be active  2017 18-21 Aug by Quintus, ZS2KU/ 7P8QM and Vaughan, ZS2VR /7P8VRR  40 20 15m; 100w; dipoles.


Womans Day Ladies-Net
 9 August 2017 from 0600-0700 UTC [0800-0900 SAST/local] No scoring, no logs.
Frequency  2m Repeater  [VHF Kloof 145.625 MHz (Rptr Tx) & 145.025MHz (Rptr Rx)
88.5Hz CTCSS access tone, linking up with two repeaters in Pietermaritzburg KZN, and Echolink.
Easy to make contact via Echolink which is not affected by propagation.
Echolink, select South Africa, then ZS5PMB-R  KZN Linked Repeaters.
Net Controller: ZS5VAL Valerie

South African Radio League YL Sprint- 9 August, 2017.    
This is a fun activity to celebrate National Women’s Day, South Africa, and to encourage YL's to meet and greet 'on-air'. All contacts are valuable - please join us.  Call: “YL Sprint!”
Date and Time 9 August 2017 from 09:00 to 10:00 UTC    11:00 to 12:00 SAST (local) 
Mode/Band:  phone sprint on the 40-metre band
Scoring - Contacts between YL stations are worth 5 points; contacts between YL and OM stations are worth 3 points, and contacts between OM stations are worth 1 point.
Submit Logs,  by 16 August 2017, e-mail to:  contest@netactive.co.za

37th A.L.A.R.A. CONTEST 2017
NOTE: Contest is always on the last FULL weekend of August
The rules for the ALARA contest were significantly revised in 2016
ELIGIBILITY:  All licensed operators throughout the world are invited to participate.
OBJECT:  To encourage YLs in the use of amateur radio. YLs work everyone; OMs work YLs only.
CONTEST:  Combined phone and CW run over 24 hours:
Saturday 26th August 2017  0600 hours UTC to
Sunday 27th August 2017 0559 hours UTC
SUGGESTED FREQUENCIES: All HF Bands to be used except 160m & WARC Bands
Contacts made on ECHOLINK and TWO METRES will also be accepted. (Separate logs for these would be preferred).
Logs must be received by  by: 30th September, 2017 to Contest Manager Diane Main  VK4DI
PO Box 546, Gatton, Qld. 4343, AUSTRALIA                    

SARLNUUS met Anette Jacobs ZR6D    zr6d@ymail.com        &     Irene Myburgh, ZS6IEA
Facebook ‘HAM Yl’  (YLs only);  yl.beam newsletters     zs6ye.yl@gmail.com      
Current and archive copies of yl.beam are available @
WEST RAND ARC       wrarc-anode.blogspot.com    https://wrarc-anode.blogspot.co.za/   
& also Italian Radio Amateurs Union: QTC U.R.I. –  La rivista della Unione Radioamatori Italiani

RaDAR – Rapid Deployment Amateur Radio, was launched in August 2009  from an earlier idea known as 'shack-in-a-sack”.  Initially it was a requirement to walk at least one kilometre carrying all station equipment, antennas and logistics to the operating position. There was no time limit so the essence of deploying quickly was not there.
The highlight is the “moving” aspect of RaDAR which makes it different to other amateur radio activities. It's more than just making QSO’s, it’s a challenge to rapidly set up an effective station, proving it works by making 5 contacts, packing up, moving and doing it all over again.
RaDAR promotes all modes, although the use of terrestrial repeaters is not allowed for contests.
RaDAR promotes survival and fitness. Radio amateurs need to get out of their comfort zones and put themselves into real life situations if we are going to be of any value “when everything else fails”. It’s not until one gets out of the “shack” that one realises the need to be practised at being able to communicate almost as effectively as we do running high power into high gain antennas with grid-power. Take that away and you’re left with a “bare bones” system which may feel uncomfortable. 

Walking RaDar Challenge – 15 July 2017
This was my (ZS5APT) and Sid’s (ZS5AYC) 2nd attempt at doing the ‘walking RaDar Challenge’, our first attempt in November 2015 was a dismal affair. It was a wet, windy and a totally miserable day here on the South Coast, I opted to stay home, but Sid wanted to know where my sense of adventure was, so armed with a beach umbrella to protect the radio equipment, we drove down to the beach, apparently the sea is a good reflector, I landed up fighting the wind to keep the umbrella over the radio and not being turned inside out. The 1st point (Lucien Beach) we managed one contact and that was just readable, we decide to move to a more sheltered spot between the rocks on the Lilliecrona Blvd, unfortunately the only success we had was getting drenched.  What a sorrowful sight we must have been, two bedraggled amateur radio RATS (RaDar Active Team Sport). Equipment was dry and the coffee and rusks were great.
This time we were going to walk in the Umtamvuna Nature Reserve with members of the ZS5HAC (Hibiscus Amateur Radio club) manning a base station, Sid went during the week to get a map of the walking trails so that we at least had a plan of action, unfortunately the veld had been burnt so that was a no go. The decision was made that Jan (ZS5JC), Emmie (ZS5EB) and Herman (ZS5LH) would do a mobile RaDar challenge working as a club station, while Sid, myself and our son Craig would do the walking RaDar, walking from our QTH to the Skyline Nature reserve and then doing the circular hiking route within the reserve, with 12:00 – 16:00 utc being the allocated time to walk as the Sharks were playing the Lions and Craig is an avid Shark supporter.
Some background info:
Because we love doing SOTA (Summits on the Air) we have worked out a routine that works well, once we are at the activation point, Sid starts erecting the antenna and I set up the Icom 703, battery, coax etc. and of course I log the contacts, by the time he is finished with the antenna we are ready to call cq. This usually takes about 10 minutes, depending on the location.
Icom 703 (love this radio)
RaDar – 15 July 2017
At 12:00 Sid decided to set up the station (KF59EE61NA) in our garden as I was still busy getting ready and ensuring we had adequate water and snacks. Jan was Sid’s first contact (bonus point RaDar to RaDar) with me giving him his 2nd much to his surprise. After our 5 contacts we packed up and started walking towards Skyline for the 2nd activation point (KF59EE62MM), we set up station and within 7 minutes Sid had 5 contacts.
We moved to the 3rd activation point and had to back track as the picnic area was not suitable to set up a station. Once we had setup (KF59EE63MM) it took 15 minutes before we had our 5 contacts, but reports were not good.
The 4th activation point was on a pathway (KF59EE63FI) there was a lot of QRM and QRN after 22 minutes we had made the 5 contacts and decided we would visit my brother-in-law who was pet sitting at Skyline.
We set up the 5th activation point outside Skyline and within 7 minutes had made 5 contacts; unfortunately we couldn’t walk another kilometre to activate a 6th point as we had run out of time. Moral of the RaDar story don’t stop to chat.
Looking forward to the November’s RaDar Challenge we will be visiting our son in Nelspruit and will be either mobile or walking in the Hazyview area.

Explanation of  local words: veld = fields; Sharks and Lions – local rugby teams.
Lucien Beach, Margate, and Skyline Nature Reserve, inland of Uvongo, are both located on the South Coast of KwaZulu Natal, South Africa. Nelspruit (Mbombela) is in northeastern province  Mpumalanga, SA  and Hazyview is nearby and close to the Kruger National Park.     

Calendar  August  2017   
5     August     European HF Championship    1200Z-2359Z,   [Sat.]
6     August     SARL HF Phone Contest    [Sun]
9     August    Womans Day Ladies-Net & SARL YL Sprint    [Wed]
5-12      August    7th YOTA (Youngsters On The Air) Summer Camp, Gilwell Park, UK    
12     August     SANSA Open Day in Hermanus, (South African National Space Agency)
9 - 13     August      Robben Island ZS9V activation.
18     August        Sterre en Planete met Hennie Maas, 1830 SAST Centurion, SA
19 -20     August     ILLW International Lighthouse & Lightship weekend
20     August     SARL HF Digital Contest    [Sun]
21     August     Total solar eclipse across USA, in other countries only a partial eclipse.
25-26 August     YLC (Chile) celebrating 3rd Anniversary
26-27    August    ALARA CONTEST 37th   [26th, 0600 UTC - 27th, 0559 UTC]
27     August     SARL HF CW Contest



Woman's Day Ladies-Net
Aim: To encourage lady radio amateurs to GOTA (get-on-the-air) and celebrate Womens Day.
Date and Time 9 August 2017 from 0600-0700 UTC [ 0800-0900 SAST/local]
Call “CQ YL” No scoring, no logs.
Frequency  2m Repeater  [VHF Kloof 145.625 MHz (Rptr Tx) & 145.025MHz (Rptr Rx) 
88.5Hz CTCSS access tone, linking up with two repeaters in Pietermaritzburg KZN, and Echolink.
Easy to make contact via Echolink which is not affected by propagation. 
Echolink, select South Africa, then ZS5PMB-R  KZN Linked Repeaters.
Net Controller: ZS5VAL Valerie

South African Radio League YL Sprint
1. Aim:  A fun activity to celebrate Women’s Day between radio amateurs in South Africa. 
Call “YL Sprint”
2. Date and Time: 9 August 2017 from 09:00 to 10:00 UTC [1100-12-- SAST/local]
3. Exchange The exchange is a RS report and YL or OM.
4. Frequency It is a phone sprint on the 40-metre band (7 063 to 7 100 and 7 130 to 7 200 kHz)
5. Scoring Contacts between YL stations are worth 5 points.
Contacts between YL and OM stations are worth 3 points
Contacts between OM stations are worth 1 point.
6. Log Sheets Logs, in ADIF, Cabrillo or MS Excel format and labelled “call sign YL Sprint,” shall be submitted by 16 August 2017 by e-mail to contest@netactive.co.za
[The 15th South African Radio League Contest Manual (2017) Page 48 of 55]