yl.beam #62 sept 2018

Dutch and German radio amateurs 50th meet-up
Ja-Well-No-Fine / Comment
How do you hear me?  The RST System of Signal Reporting
Canadian YL  Jeanne Wilson  (VA7QLT) & Delta ARS & Vimy Ridge 
Golden Globe Race -  non-stop … alone … no outside assistance.... except for Ham radio
QRZ Contacts & Calendar

(Bad Bentheim on the borders of North Rhine-Westphalia and the Netherlands)
Dutch and German radio amateurs 50th meet-up
Dutch Young Ladies at DNAT in Bad Bentheim    Posted 26/08/2018by PA1ENG
Every last full weekend of August Dutch and German radio amateurs meet each other in Bad Bentheim. This weekend it is already 50 years ago that the Deutsch Niederländische Amateurfunker Tage (DNAT) was held for the first time. The Dutch Young Ladies Club was there.
. Mariëtte PA1ENG, Claudia PA5CT and Heather PD3GVQ  visited one of the radio amateur campsites and the radio market in the sports hall of a school.
On the other side of the castle (Burg Bentheim, the town’s emblem).was the annual flea market and in the middle of the park members of the Ammerland section of the Deutscher Amateur-Radio-Club (DARC) had placed a number of high antennas for demonstration. This was very interesting to see.
At the radio fair we spoke to many acquaintances, met Dieuwertje PD4JUF / DO4JUF who recently obtained her radio amateur license. Perhaps she will join our (contest) team in the future. Welcome!

From left to right: Heather PD3GVQ, Dieuwertje PD4JUF / DO4JUF, Claudia PA5CT and Mariëtte PA1ENG

Hello, I thank you for publishing our activities, as of June 19, 2018 we are Radio Club YL CHILE, CE4YLC
I think we are the first women's radio club in Chile, I know that there are no more women's radio clubs in the world.
 I'll thank you if you have any information. From Chile -  I send you a big hug.

Ja-Well-No-Fine / Comment
September is 'Ham Yl's  7th anniversary on Facebook – THANK YOU to all our friends and we hope others will join us in the future. It is particularly helpful to be able to 'share'  YL events & Dxpeditions.
A question posted on a forum from a  YL  new to the hobby, about how to interpret "RST"... and her comment “There's so much I still need to learn and understand.”  prompted the article below, hope it  proves helpful.     33 Editor ZS5YH Heather

How do you hear me?
The RST System of Signal Reporting was established roughly in 1934 as a quick method of reporting Readability, Signal Strength and the Tone of CW.
For voice contacts only the "R" and "S" are used.
The RST is also reported on QSL Cards and must be filled in correctly.

An RST report is a report from a receiving station on the quality and strength of the transmitted signal. Using shorthand in the form of numbers to represent the quality of a CW signal, or voice transmission, of a transmitting station's signal at the receiving station's location (QTH). Here is what it means:
R -  Readability - Understanding what is said and how well.
On a scale of 1 to 5, the readability of your signal with a "5" being perfect with no difficulty.
In other words the ability of the other operator to understand what you are saying.
A "1" is unreadable....a "5" is perfectly readable.
S -  Strength- On a scale of 1 to 9, indicates how strong your stations signal is.
A "1" is a very faint signal.  A "9" is an extremely strong signal.
T - Tone   Used for Morse code signal reports. Indicates on a scale of 1 to 9 the quality of the tone of the Morse code "dits and dahs".  From a "60 cycle harsh tone" a (1).... To a "very pure tone", a (9)

1 -- Unreadable
2 -- Barely readable, occasional words distinguishable
3 -- Readable with considerable difficulty
4 -- Readable with practically no difficulty
5 -- Perfectly readable

1 -- Faint signals, barely perceptible
2 -- Very weak signals
3 -- Weak signals
4 -- Fair signals
5 -- Fairly good signals
6 -- Good signals
7 -- Moderately strong signals
8 -- Strong signals
9 -- Extremely strong signals

1 -- Sixty cycle a.c. or less, very rough and broad
2 -- Very rough a.c. , very harsh and broad
3 -- Rough a.c. tone, rectified but not filtered
4 -- Rough note, some trace of filtering
5 -- Filtered rectified a.c. but strongly ripple-modulated
6 -- Filtered tone, definite trace of ripple modulation
7 -- Near pure tone, trace of ripple modulation
8 -- Near perfect tone, slight trace of modulation
9 -- Perfect tone, no trace of ripple or modulation of any kind

If you get a 5 5 (sometimes said 5 by 5)....Your signal is perfectly readable with a fairly good signal strength.
In some cases people may tell you: your signal is five nine plus twenty dB...
In this case the twenty db part indicates that your signal is so strong that it goes off the standard 1 through 9 signal strength S meter dial by twenty decibels as indicated on the meter readout. This would mean that you are putting out a REALLY strong signal!
Sources:    http://www.hamuniverse.com/rst.htm
Delta Amateur Radio Society  (BC, Canada) has something for everyone
From technical prowess to emergency operations,      GRACE KENNEDY Aug. 11, 2018

Canadian YL  Jeanne Wilson  (VA7QLT) & Delta Amateur Radio Society
The call sign was faint over the radio in the North Delta Public Safety Building. Jeanne Wilson and a group of other new hams struggled to make it out.
Bauer was teaching the group how to use a high-frequency radio — something a little more complex than the hand-held radios often used by beginning hams and emergency operators. But he had a trick in mind.
Unbeknownst to his class, Bauer had turned the dial to a caller from Malpelo Island, an islet 500 km west of the Colombian mainland, uninhabited except for a small military post. A radio operator had made their way out there as part of a DX Pedition (pronounced “dee expedition,” it’s a play on dx, the radio shorthand for long distance), and hams around the world were trying to make contact.
 VA7QLT Jeanne Wilson continued to struggle. Then she made out the call sign. Then, at Bauer’s urging, she got on the mic and made contact and remembers the smile that came across Bauer’s face.
“Congratulations girl, you just talked to a DX Pedition … You just talked to Malpelo Island,” she remembered him saying.
“And I’m like, ‘Well where the hell is that?” - The moment changed Wilson’s focus in amateur radio. Although she started at age 55 with a drive for emergency operations, she soon switched her focus to long distance competitions.
Over the years — Wilson is 63 now — she has made contacts in more than 100 countries, getting nearly a third of the available DX Pedition locations.
 Jeanne Wilson was part of a group of 17 amateur radio operators who went to Vimy Ridge in 2017 to operate radio during the 100 anniversary of the battle.
“I can tell you, it felt really good to be chased on the air,” she said. “It was probably one of the highlights of my life.”
Vimy Ridge
 April 9, 1917, is commonly highlighted as a turning point in Canadian history, where the four Canadian divisions fought together as a unified fighting force for the first time.
 France granted Canada  land at Vimy to build and maintain a memorial.  A First World War monumen and certainly Canada’s most important war memorial.
 Approximately 10 km north of Arras, 15 km south of Lens, 135 km southeast of Calais and 175 km north of Paris. GPS Coordinates: N50.379444, E2.773611

 non-stop … alone … no outside assistance ... except for Ham radio
Golden Globe Race  2018   
Marking the 50th anniversary of the first Sunday Times Golden Globe Race, Competitors may  only use equipment that was available  in 1968/9 to navigate and contact the outside world. That means using SSB and Ham radios for long-range communications, and VHF for short range (up to 30 miles) – no satellites.. Navigation means using the stars, sun, paper charts and a sextant – no GPS or smart-phone allowed.
The 2018 race keeps to the rules and the spirit of the original 1969  non-stop, solo, round the world yacht race.
The  race started  July 1st, 2018 fron France,  through the Atlantic, then east  through the Southern Ocean, past Australia, towards South America before returning home.
Contestants are using HF radio for safety and weather reports.  Amateur Radio is as important now as it was 50 years ago for these sailors. If you are able, please keep a listening watch as they sail across the lonely and dangerous Southern Oceans.
There have been problems with equipment and weather. Norwegian skipper Are Wiig capsized and was dis-masted 400 miles SSW of Cape Town, Monday 27/08/2018 and is currently heading for Cape Town.
Susie Goodall, a 27 year-old Englishwoman is the only female contestant in the 2018 Golden Globe Race 

ARTICLES WANTED     – both technical and non-technical. Please email to address below.
Facebook ‘HAM Yl’  ; SARLNews met Anette Jacobs ZR6D  jhjacobsza@gmail.com   
 yl.beam newsletters  Eda    zs6ye.yl@gmail.com        Archived at WEST RAND ARC
 wrarc-anode.blogspot.com   &   https://wrarc-anode.blogspot.co.za/   
also Italian Radio Amateurs Union: QTC U.R.I. –  La rivista della Unione Radioamatori Italiani

Calendar  September 2018
01       Sept     Ham Yl Facebook 7th birthday (started 2011)
01       Sept     West Rand Flea Market  (RSA)
1 - 2   Sept    Region 1- SSB Field Day  1300-1300 UTC
02-08 Sept     2018 - 19th World ARDF Championships, Sokcho, Korea,
8 - 9       Sept    SARL National Field Day    (RSA)
9 - 11  Sept    Rosh Hashanah
8-16    Sept     Route 66 On The Air!  http://w6jbt.org/  (USA)
15       Sept    AJV    Magalies Radio Amateur Klub    SAT, 1630 CAT
15       Sept    SCOPEX -  Telescope & Astronomy Expo.Johannesburg - 9am to 9pm 
15-16  Sept    All Africa Contest &     SARL VHF/UHF Digital Contest
15-16  Sept    Concurso Farroupilha;  festival in Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil - gaucho culture.
18 -19 Sept    Yom Kippur
22       Sept     Centenary of the First Wireless Message received from the UK in Australia
                  (22 September 1918). Special Event Station VK100MARCONI *
22-23  Sept     ROTA 2018 (Railways On The Air)  revised frequencies : 3.65, 7.15, 14.25.
24        Sept    Heritage Day;(aka Braai Day)
28-29  Sept     UK National Hamfest (10th year)
29- 30  Sept    CQ WW RTTY
29 Sept - 1 Oct  Annual Nancy Kott Memorial KN0WCW Event (00:01UTC Sat - 06:00UTC Mon)
                FISTS Nancy Kott Memorial KN0WCW Event 2018 from 00:01 UTC Saturday September 29 to 06:00 UTC on Monday October 1st. Operation will be on all Amateur bands; a friendly celebration of Nancy work.
9     Oct    Ada Lovelace Day, on Tuesday  10th Annual Celebration  2018
31   Oct    Witches On The Air /    Halloween


yl.beam #60 july 2018

French YL Dxpedition  Ile de Noirmoutier
YLRL 2018 Convention
Blog - YLs helping YLs  
(YL)  Anica, 9A7SSY - Savudrija lighthouse- 200th anniversary celebration
Marconi & “Elettra”  princess & yacht 
YLC 4th Anniversary  25-26 August, 2018  
 38TH  ALARA  CONTEST 25-26 August, 2018
QRZ & Calendar

French YL Dxpedition  Ile de Noirmoutier
TM64YL - Noirmoutier Island-  25 - 31 August 2018. 
 F4GDI Christine the chairman of the french YL group is organising an expedition to the island of Noirmoutier Island, IOTA EU - 064
They will operate on HF Bands.   QSL via F4GHS.
Address for direct QSL: CHRISTINE CARREAU, 13 CHEMIN AUX BOEUFS, GUECELARD, 72230, France.
Mado F1EOY         Christine F4GDI    Claudine F5JER       Evelyne F5RPB  
Johanna DJ5YL       Siggi DK2YL          Michaela DL1TM  Rosel DL3KWR
 Dora HB9EPE     Eva HB9FPM          Chantal HB9FRC     Gabriela HB9GNP
 Anna TF3VB                 Vala TF3VD 

Ile de Noirmoutier [46.9872° N,  2.2693° W] Coordinates 46°58′N - 2°13′W 
An island off the Atlantic coast of France in the Vendée department,  it is only half a mile off the west coast and  is connected to the mainland by a  bridge, Le pont de l'île de Noirmoutier; and the causeway 'Passage du Gois'. This 3 mile long cobble paved causeway is only open during low tide. Le Gois is visited by thousands of visitors a year who come to watch the road emerging from the sea as the ebbing tide recedes, or to see Le Gois disappear below the waves. Others come to collect the shell fish on the vast silted  mudflats exposed at low tide.
The Island’s only deep water harbour Port de l'Herbaudiere on the northern tip of the island, has  trawlers, crab and lobster fishing boats and a pleasure boat marina.
The Island is 49 km2 (19 sq mi); 20 kilometres long and at its widest 7 kilometres;  two thirds of it being below sea level, with some 50 kilometres of beaches. The landscape of the island is one of low lying fields, salt pans and marshes protected by sand dunes, dikes and forests. Walking and cycling are the best ways to explore during the holiday season. The highest point on the island elevation 20 m (70 ft, )is at the Château de Noirmoutier from which you can get a panoramic view of the island.

YLRL 2018 Convention
The Young Ladies Radio League (YLRL) 2018 Convention, is in Oklahoma City, OK.  organized by YLRL district 5 and only happens once every 3-4 years.  
YL Convention Speakers: Digital Modes - Ria Jairam N2RJ (YLRL District 2 chair) ;  Rovering -  Andrea Slack  K2EZ;   DXpedition Holiday Style -  Carol Milazzo KP4MD ; &Banquet Keynote Speaker Nancy Hall KC4IYD, NASA research scientist.

YLs helping YLs  
That's what  Niece KA1ULN. Believes - Go to her blog site about Yls in Amateur Radio and  STEM (Science Technology, Engineering, Math.) 
blog  link   http://ka1uln.blogspot.com/  

(YL)  Anica, 9A7SSY - Savudrija lighthouse - 200th anniversary celebration
Members of the Radio Club Croatian Flora Fauna will be celebrating 200th anniversary of the Savudrija lighthouse using the special callsign 9A200S. (9A two_hundred S)
Franjo, 9A2MF, a former lighthouse keeper at various lighthouses around the Istria peninsula, is responsible for this operation. He and his wife Anica, 9A7SSY, spent 4 years at the Savudrija lighthouse as its lighthouse keepers. Both of them are members of Radio Club Croatian Flora Fauna.
Activities will be on all bands and modes from March 1st until end of December 2018.
QSL 9A200S via 9A2MF.

Savudrija Lighthouse /Punta Salvore - Cape Savudrija, Croatia
Coordinates 45.489966°N 13.49095°E
Admiralty number  E2642 ; NGA number  11868 ; ARLHS number  CRO-134
Situated  at the northern end of the Istrian peninsula it is the northern-most Croatian lighthouse, situated right next to Slovenian border and only 56 km south of Italian town Trieste, at the southern end of the Gulf of Trieste. (go east from Venice, Italy across the Adriatic)
Savudrija is a small fishing village with the oldest lighthouse on the Adriatic, built in 1818. At a height of 36m above the sea, the light has a range of 30 nautical miles. Although automated, the light is still manned by lighthouse keepers helping to secure and maintain the site.  Rooms within the lighthouse have been made available for rental. The nearest tourist center - famous destination for tennis lovers - Umag, is situated only 9 km away. The area is popular with windsurfers.

0001 UTC 18th AUGUST 2018 TO 2400 UTC 19th AUGUST 2018 (48 hours or part thereof).
This year's event is dedicated to the memory of friend and Publicity Officer of 9 years, Jim Linton VK3PC, who passed away on 22nd February 2018.
The ILLW is not a contest.  There are no prizes, certificates, or other enticements to participate.
One of the objectives of the ILLW is to encourage the restoration of lighthouses all around the world. 
25 years ago on 28th August 1993 the very first Northern Lighthouse Weekend Activity took place managed by Mike Dalrymple GM4SUC of the Ayr Amateur Radio Group; 5 years later it became known as the International Lighthouse Lightship Weekend (ILLW)

 “Elettra” the yacht
It was aboard the original Elettra (yacht), which Mr. Marconi bought in 1919, that the scientist explored short-wave radio and radar, perfecting the process he used in 1901 when he sent the first Morse Code letter, a faint ''S,'' across the Atlantic Ocean. 
In 1922 Marconi made his first Atlantic crossing in the "Elettra". 
 Guglielmo Marconi, so adored his research ship that he named a daughter after her - Elettra - instead of the other way around.  The ship, which the scientist used as home and laboratory, was destroyed in World War II, and a piece of Mr. Marconi's history was lost with it.

As part of the Museum Ships Weekend (June 2-3, 2018). members of the A.R.I. Fidenza Radio Club (Italy), sponsored by the Guglielmo Marconi Foundation,  using callsign II4AMP  activated  Elettra for the sixth time. The station is close to the remains of the  keel of Guglielmo Marconi's yacht 'Elettra', which is kept at the Museum. The event  allows  radio amateurs around  the world to make contact. 

The book "Wireless at Sea - The first 50 years" (by HE Hancock, 1950) 
For this picture - Origin: USA - there is the following description:
"This photograph shows Miss Eleanor Steele of Schenectady, NY , radio operator on Senator Guglielmo Marconi's own radio outfit on board his Elettra, while cruising down the Hudson to Albany, New York, 1922. This is a very unusual photograph, in that being a radio operator was considered an extraordinarily masculine job in the 1920's. 

MARCONI Wireless On Cape Cod
In 1900, Marconi set up a high-powered transmitting station at Poldhu, on the English coast at Cornwall and in 1901 he built a wireless station at Signal Hill, Newfoundland and on Cape Cod, Massachusetts. Storms blew down the aerials at Poldhu on September 17, 1901 and those on Cape Cod on November 25th.  Marconi received the first transatlantic signal - the three-dot Morse code letter "S" tapped out from Poldhu on December 12th, 1901 at the Newfoundland station.
On January 18, 1903, President Theodore Roosevelt's message was tapped out in Morse code from South Wellfleet (Cape Cod) to King Edward VII at the Poldhu station.  It was to be the first two-way transatlantic communication and the first wireless telegram between America and Europe.  

Princess Elettra -  Cape Cod, May 31,2018, 
  Princess Elettra Marconi 
 Princess Elettra Marconi Giovanelli of Italy, born in 1930, was the daughter of Marconi and his second wife, Maria Cristina Bezzi-Scali.  She inherited the Palazzo Marconi in Bologna in 1936 when she was 6, upon the death of her uncle, Alfonso, one year before her father’s death on her 7th birthday. She acquired the title of princess through marriage to Prince Carlo Giovannelli in 1966. 
As the daughter of the renowned inventor and electrical engineer Guglielmo Marconi, who won the 1909 Nobel Prize for his pioneering work in the development of wireless technology, she has continued to help spread the story of her father and his influence to people all over the world.
Princess Elettra Marconi visited the site of the Marconi Wireless Station in Wellfleet on Cape Cod,  on May 31,2018, where she was able to make radio contact with the Newfoundland site where Marconi received the letter “S” 1901 and made his first transatlantic wireless transmission to England in 1903. 
 Princess Elettra Marconi and KM1CC (Marconi Cape Cod Radio Club) made contact with VO1AA - SONRA (Society of Newfoundland Radio Amateurs) at Signal Hill, St. John's Newfoundland, Canada   
2018 marks the  115th Anniversary of the first transatlantic message  (1903-2018) 
See: Km1cc - Marconi Cape Cod Radio Club (Facebook) for great pics and videos.

The 20th of July 2018, marked Princess Elettra's 88th birthday and the day her father died in 1937
– A special greeting from all YLs

YLC (Young Ladies Chile) 4th Anniversary - 25-26 August, 2018 
 The idea of creating the YLC group was born.from a conversation between two colleagues, and now, with the formation of Radio Club YL Chile - CE4YLC, this anniversary has special relevance. 
YLC wants to celebrate the fourth anniversary by inviting all amateur radio opertors to participate in a contest in the 40-meter band,  in phone mode, during the weekend of August 25-26, 2018.
The objective,  together with celebrating the "Fourth Anniversary YLC", is to encourage the participation of all radio amateurs, especially ladies, and to keep our hobby. active :
Start Saturday, August 25, 2018, at 00:00 Hrs CE
Completion Sunday August 26, 2018, at 24:00 Hrs CE
QSL  Address:  Leticia San Martin Corrial XQ4NUA President CE4YLC

ALARA  (Australian Ladies Amateur Radio Assoc.) 38TH CONTEST - 25-26 August, 2018  
: All licensed operators throughout the world are invited to participate.
OBJECT: Participation: YLs work everyone, OMs work YLs only.
CONTEST: Combined phone and CW run over 24 hours:
STARTS: Saturday 25th August 2018 at 0600 hours UTC
ENDS: Sunday 26th August 2018 at 0559 hours UTC
SUGGESTED FREQUENCIES: All HF Bands to be used except 160m & WARC Bands
Contacts made on Echolink will also be accepted.
CONTEST MANAGER: Mrs Marilyn Syme VK5DMS,   alaracontest@wia.org.au
The current Rules have been simplified from last year and are on the website http://www.alara.org.au/contests/index.html so check them out and let’s have more YLs on air this year PLEASE!!!!!!!

Facebook ‘HAM Yl’  ; SARLNews met Anette Jacobs ZR6D  jhjacobsza@gmail.com    
 yl.beam newsletters  Eda zs6ye.yl@gmail.com     Archived at WEST RAND ARC
also Italian Radio Amateurs Union: QTC U.R.I. –  La rivista della Unione Radioamatori Italiani
26 July, 2018 , Portuguese yls, celebrated  2nd anniversary! 
Calendar - August 2018
2-5      YLRL 2018 Convention in Oklahoma City, OK.  District 5  hosting  (USA)
4          European HF Championship2018, 1200Z-2359Z, first Saturday in August
4 -  5    US National Lighthouse-Lightship Weekend (NLLW) 
5     SARL HF Phone (RSA)
8 -15    YOTA zomerkamp 2018  in de omgeving van Johannesburg in Zuid Afrika.
9     YL Sprint 12:00 to 14:00 UTC  Womens Day (SA) Thurs 
14        feast of St. Maximilian Kolbe Dabrowska SP3RN, patron saint of Amateur Radio,
18-19   ILLW International Lighthouse & Lightship weekend
19      SARL HF Digital  (RSA)
25.-26. ALARA 38th Contest 2018;   CW, SSB Saturday 0600 UTC to Sunday 0559 UTC 
25- 31  YL Expédition Internationale - L' île de Noirmoutier,  TM64YL,  Iota EU 064
25 - 27  BiWota 2018  –  British inland Waterways on the air 
26      SARL HF CW  (RSA)
25-26    YLC contest celebrates 4th  aniversary 
25-26    JARL Ham Fair 2018 (Japan Amateur Radio League) at Tokyo Big Sight, Ariake, Tokyo 


yl.beam #60 July 2018

YL's in Bhutan "A52YL Group." April-May 2018
Museum Ships Weekend 2018 - Maren Lorenz DK9MOS (YL) Submarine U-995
QRZ Contacts & Calendar

YL's active in Bhutan as "A52YL Group." April & May 2018

On April 29, 2018, Kyoko "Mio" Miyoshi, JR3MVF (Osaka, Japan), and Kay, WA0WOF (Kansas, USA), joined Junichi Tojo, JH3AEF, and Jusei Kitai, JA3IVU (both also from Osaka), on their 7th trip to the Kingdom of Bhutan.
 Mio and Kay have been issued A52YL as a group license, and the two OMs will be using their calls, A52AEF and A52IVU, respectively. In addition, Mio and Kay have been issued individual licenses.
 Mio's is A52YLM and Kay's A52YLE.
Kay (WA0WOF) will answer QSL requests for A52YL, A52YLM, and A52YLE; they will also use LoTW. No bureau cards and Internet not available.
They will have three radios and will be operating at an altitude of around 10,000' (ft) at Dochula Eco Retreat, described as the most scenic spot in Bhutan.
To see pictures of the team, operating site and antennas see QRZ.com page of WA0WOF

 From. Mio A52YL (JR3MVF) 4 June, 2018 :
Hello, Kay (WA0WOF) and me Mio (JR3MVF), were on the air in Bhutan as A52YL From 29 April to 5 May. We enjoyed very much and had many QSO with SSB, CW and FT8.
I attach photos on this e-mail. 33 Mio (JR3MVF/A52YL)

Dochula Eco Retreat is located about 30 km away from Thimphu, the capital of Bhutan. The Dochula pass between Thimphu, and the ancient capital of Punaka, has panoramic views of the snow-clad Himalayan mountain range. Dochula is at an altitude of 3150m above sea level, with less oxygen, which can cause altitude dizziness; but the location is excellent for radio operations.
The climate in Sept. Oct, April, May is favourable during the day, although it is cooler at night it is rarely too windy.

Amateur Radio Background Bhutan
AC5PN, N.Chhawna was the first Bhutanese to go on the air in 1955. He was followed 7 years later in April 1962 , by a group VU2US/AC5, sponsored by the "Amateur Radio Society of India".
AC5PN was also instrumental in helping Gus Browning W4BPD (Sk) get operating permission for his Bhutan Dxpeditions. Gus Browning W4BPD was the first western operator to operate from Bhutan 1965 - a legendary Ham from USA, (Dx Hall of Fame 1967).
F6HWU Denise Le Cleach, was the first YL to transmit from Bhutan during September 2000. She was also the oldest Ham to operate from Bhutan. A French national, she was born in 1924 and operated from Bhutan in 2000; she was then over 76 years old!! She operated under the group Callsign: A52FH. 'September 2000 Clipperton Dx Club Expedition'
In January 2001, Glenn Johnson W0GJ and family were operational as A52GJ, his wife Vivien KL7YL as A52VJ, daughter Melissa N0MAJ as A52YL, son. Mark N0MJ/ A52MJ, second son Paul W0PJ/ A52PJ. Paul was the youngest ham to operate from Bhutan – he was 13 years of age in 2000-2001.
Sources: QRZ.com & Wikipedia:

Giro Rosa – Background to Cycle Race
The Giro d’Italia is the prestigious annual multiple-stage bicycle race in which riders from all over the world compete, through some of the most breath taking scenery in Italy.
The 29th running of the women's Giro d'Italia, or Giro Rosa, is scheduled to be held from 6 to 15 July 2018.

Raced over ten stages, it is considered the most prestigious cycle race of the women's calendar and was first held in 1988
Below is the Cycle Stage schedule 2018 – this will enable radio operators to follow Contest stations.
Stage Date Course Distance Type
1 6 July Fri Verbania to Verbania (along Lake Maggiore) 15.5 km (9.6 mi) time trial
2 7 July Sat Ovada to Ovada 120.4 km (74.8 mi) Hilly stage
3 8 July Sun Corbetta to Corbetta 132 km (82.0 mi) Flat stage
4 9 July Mon Piacenza to Piacenza 109 km (67.7 mi) Flat stage
5 10 July Tues Omegna to Omegna (Lake Orta) 117.7 km (73.1 mi) Hilly stage
6 11 July Wed Sovico to Gerola Alta 114.1 km (70.9 mi) Mountain stage
7 12 July Thurs Lanzada to Lanzada 15 km (9.3 mi) time trial
8 13 July Fri San Giorgio to Breganze 121.6 km (75.6 mi) Plain stage
9 14 July Sat Tricesimo to Monte Zoncolan 104.7 km (65.1 mi) Mountain stage
10 15 July Sun Cividale del Friuli - Cividale del Friuli (Carnia mountains) 120.3 km (74.8 mi) Hilly

 Anna Van der Breggen from Holland, the Olympic and European Champion 2016, was the overall winner of the 2017 edition http://www.girorosa.it/

Our Italian radio sister IZ0EIK – Erica has asked for support for this radio event, held for the 2nd time, which follows the cyclists through each stage.:

LA RADIO IN ROSA - RADIO IN PINK 6-15 July Giro Rosa 2018.
Each day On-Air with Woman’s Italian Cycle Tour.
Awarded by URI (Union Radioamatori Italiani) this event was established in honour of the Tour of Italy in Pink. A very simple Award which is issued for each Stage of the cycle race, through the single contact with an on-the-air station, on the day; and at the end of the cycling event, with the presentation of the Tour Jerseys (Maglie del Giro).
La Radio in Rosa is a diploma awarded by The Italian Amateur Assoc. and each stage has its own pretty QSL card.

STAGE stations - There will be a URI station active on each stage of the race. The station for each Stage can be on site or even located somewhere in Italy. The station who makes the contact with the nominated ON AIR station will receive a Special Stage Diploma/ Certificate.

There are 10 stages to the race and after the 15th July the Jerseys/Sweater/Shirts will be presented:
PINK JERSEY prove to have connected to stations in all 10 Stages / Tappa
CYAN JERSEY prove to have connected to stations in 8 Stages
GREEN JERSEY prove to have connected to stations in 6 Stages
WHITE JERSEY prove to have connected to stations in 3 Stages
BLUE JERSEY prove to have connected to stations 1 (single) stage

All YL and IQ URIs can be active during the course of the day.
We could expect the participation of many Italian YL’s or even foreign participants from other associations. Those participants will be awarded a Diploma/certificate for the event.

Categories: YL, OM, SWL, QRP, CW, DIGITAL.
All the Diplomas/Certificates will be presented free of charge and in PDF format.
The LOG's must be submitted in Word or excel format, or enter directly through the links in the body of the email list as the www.iq0ru.net site, dedicated to the Radio in pink page, will be entered into the log's online so you can search for milestones achieved.
To claim your Award, write to : girorosa2018@unionradio.it
[Thanks to OM ZS6ARQ Romeo who corrected the Italian translation, any errors are those of the Editor.]


Submarine U-995, Laboe Naval Memorial, Germany - Background
Kiel lies approximately 90 kilometres (56 mi) north of Hamburg. A major maritime centre located on the Kiel Fjord and the Kiel Canal (Nord-Ostsee-Kanal), Kiel has also been one of the traditional homes of the German Navy's Baltic fleet.
The Laboe Naval Memorial on the Baltic Sea coast, approximately 10 km northeast of Kiel, is where the submarine museum U-995 rests.
 U-995 built in 1942 and commissioned 1943, with a length of 67.10 m (220 ft 2 in), was capable of operating at depths of up to 230 metres (750 ft).
At the end of the war on 8 May 1945 she was stricken at Trondheim, Norway. She was surrendered to the British then transferred to Norway in1948.
In 1952 U-995 became the Norwegian submarine Kaura and was taken out of service in 1965.
 U-995 became a museum ship at the Laboe Naval Memorial in October 1971.

 U-995 Submarine DL0DMB
At the International Museum Ship Weekend (IMWE) members of the "U995 friendship crew" were active from the submarine’s original radio room, in modes of morse code and voice trying to catch other museum ships on air worldwide. The annual IMWE gives visitors to the submarine U995 the chance to get an idea of how radio contacts are made. Of course, they will also learn a lot here about submarines and the DMB.

YL Maren Lorenz (DK9MOS) 9 June, 2018 - tells us about operating aboard a museum:
Now the International Museum Ship Weekend (2018) is over and we are all back in our home countries. It was a lot of fun again. A total of 108 museum ships took part.
 U 995 (Call sign DL0DMB) is a museum ship of the German Naval Association (Deutscher Marinebund DMB) and is located in Laboe/Kiel Bight.
The Museum Ships Weekend is organized by the museum ship Battleship USS NEW JERSEY,
Bob (N4XAT), a member of the Battleship USS NEW JERSEY and the "U995 friendship crew" was in Laboe.
 During the event I received the Certificate of Merit (Crew member and radio operator U 995)
from Angela 2E1GDC, who did not operate the radio (picture Angela 2E1GDC and Maren DK9MOS). We worked from the original radio room of U 995 with our own equipment. We have made over 80 QSOs on the two days - mainly Europe from OH Finland to YO Romania- and reached 4 museum ships of the 108, but it is a fun event and the propagation was not good!
While one ham is on the radio, the others tell the visitors about our hobby and of course something about U 995.
I have attached a picture of the radio crew; showing from left to right:
Jack DK9OS (my OM), Bob M0BZZ, Jonny DL4HJ, Bob N4XAT, Maren DK9MOS, Bill G0ELZ and Harry DL6LV.

We will receive a certificate like that one from 2017 in spring 2019.
Of course friends of ours joined us the whole time - among others Harald DL5XI (callsign DL0DMB). He took care of the YLs Angela 2E1GDC, Kathy (sister of Bob N4XAT) and Tanja (Ukraine) and showed them U 995 and the surroundings.
 Next year we will return and think we will have fun again.
 Hope you enjoy this little report. Now you know the origin of part of the pics on my QSL card.
 73/33 de Maren

Congratulations to Magda Swart, ZS6MMS, who has become the second YL in South Africa to achieve 100 points for activating summits. Magda got her 100 points after activating ZS/KN-345 Hluku and ZS/KN-204 Klipspruit on Thursday 28 June 2018. Adele, ZS5APT was the 1st yl with 100 SOTA points. (Summits On The Air)
SARL weekly news in English 2018-6-30

OOPS! Apologies for Error in yl.beam #59 June 2018
x Anette Jacobs ZR6 D on receiving the Willy Wilson Gold Badge x This was incorrect.

Facebook ‘HAM Yl’ ; SARLNuus met Anette Jacobs ZR6D jhjacobsza@gmail.com
 yl.beam newsletters Eda zs6ye.yl@gmail.com Archived at WEST RAND ARC
 wrarc-anode.blogspot.com & https://wrarc-anode.blogspot.
also Italian Radio Amateurs Union: QTC U.R.I. – La rivista della Unione Radioamatori Italiani

Calendar July 2018
July 6 - 15 LA RADIO IN ROSA ,2018; URI Italy
July 7 SARL Newbie QSO Party (RSA)
July 7-8 Marconi Memorial HF Contest (Since 1996) 1400Z Jul 7 to 1400Z, Jul 8
July12- 16 WRTC 2018 - 8th World Radiosport Team Championship, Germany's 1st time host
July 15-16 IARU HF Championship event 2018
July 14 RaDAR Challenge (RSA)
July 18 Nelson Mandela's 100th birthday
July 21 Naval Radio Party –CS5NRA NRA (Naval Radio Armada) 3rd Sat
July 21 SARL Winter QRP (RSA)
July 22 ZS2 Sprint (EC - RSA)
July 28- 29 RSGB IOTA Contest, always takes place over the last weekend of July 

August 2018
Aug 2-5 YLRL 2018 Convention in Oklahoma City, OK. District 5 hosting (USA)
Aug 4 European HF Championship 2018, 1200Z-2359Z, first Saturday in August
Aug 8 -15 YOTA Somerkamp 2018 South Afrika.
Aug 9 YL Sprint 12:00 to 14:00 UTC Womens Day (SA) Thurs
Aug 25-31 French YL Dxpedition L' Île de Noirmoutier, (IOTA EU 064)


yl.beam #59 june 2018

S African Awards to yls
RAE May 2018  Congratulations & Welcome
Editorial Chit-Chat
The ANZA Net
Dot Bishop VK2DB & the Sydney Harbour Ferry Contest.
Radio Club of America's Young Achiever Award -  KM4LAO Ruth Willet 
T88YL  Palau, Micronesia.

Congratulations  to YL award recipients at the South African Radio League AGM April 2018.  
The Jack Twine Awards were awarded to Aletta Gaybba, ZR3PA; Anette Jacobs, ZR6D;  Chané Greeff, ZS4CG;  Elna Botha, ZS6EB; Celia Roodt, ZS6JC; Judy Pretorius, ZS6JDY;  Jocelyn Hallendorff, ZS6JKL; Linda Lessing, ZS6LML;  Magda Swart, ZS6MMS;
A new award, ZS SOTA, was handed to husband and wife team Sid, ZS5AYC and Adele Tyler, ZS5APT for  promoting SOTA and the many activations made.   (Source: May/Mei 2018 Radio ZS)
Yls at SARL AGM 2018

South African RAE (Radio Amateur Exam) May 2018 
Congratulations & Welcome to our new ladies – hope to hear you on-air soon.
ZS2BD    de Lange, Bernice    Port Elizabeth
ZS2PAG    Greig, Patricia Anne    Port Elizabeth   
ZS5CVH    Schutte, Charmaine Celeste    Vryheid   
ZS6MMA    Andrew, Karin    Roodepoort   
ZS6CBB    Boshoff, Charlene    Roodepoort   
ZS6ETB    Byleveldt, Erika Theresa    Potchefstroom   
ZS6LIN    Eales, Linda Cornelia    Roodepoort   
ZR6TK    Kotze, Tanya    Pretoria   
ZS6GJF    Maritz, Glynis Joan    Roodepoort   
ZU6NAC    Conradie, Nadia    Roodepoort   
ZU6C    Schnetler, Chanté    Honeydew   
ZU6MAR    Schnetler, Marli    Honeydew   
ZU6TIF    Taljaard, Tiffany    Secunda
ZU4SJ    Myburgh, Joane    Welkom   
 99 passed, 14 yls  (10 from  Div 6)

Editorial Chit-Chat
2018 is the 66th Anniversary SAWRC (South African Women's Radio Club) founded June 2,  1952  #1 yl.beam news-letter was emailed June 2011, 7 years later number # 59, will be sent globally to more than a thousand amateur  radio ladies. Of course I can't be sure how many will survive spam and other filters or how many will be read, especially by non-English readers.
 BUT judging from the added activity on various Facebook pages and letters received, I believe we AR ladies are spreading our wings and constructing a  global network.  HURRAH  for us as we celebrate 7 years of friendship and  a big thank-you!
International Women's Day showed the ladies networking on-air and more recently the North American ladies met up at Dayton. We look forward to reports and pics (lots of please, with call-signs) from Ham Fair Friedrichshafen (Germany). Not forgetting that our New Zealand sisters have an annual meeting during June. 
Remember ladies its all about you, so share your news, events and woes.
 I received a request to re-send some of last months letters; let me know if you have problems,. suggestions are welcomed.
33 & 88 (Editor)  Eda ZS5YH

Facts & Figures-
yl.beam   #5     Jan     2012      emails sent     126     (S Africa 122 + DX 4)
yl.beam   #35 June    2016     emails sent     519     (S Africa 335 + DX 184)
yl.beam   #50     Sept     2017     emails sent     900
yl.beam   #59     June  2018     emails sent     1169   across 6 continents:
Africa    258             Asia     96
Australasia    108             Europe    385
North America             210             South America    112​

The ANZA Net (Australia, New Zealand and South Africa net) operates on 14.183 at 0515UTC every day with an additional net on 21.205 at 0415 on Saturdays.  We do accept any check-ins from around the world and usually get quite a few from the Pacific Islands and the US.  South Africa was particularly active today.
Lyn (VK4SWE) is the usual net control on a Monday, with me filling in if she is not able to make it.  She runs the resort on Sweers Island in the Gulf of Carpentaria and sometimes is too busy to attend to the radio.  The guys who outnumber us two, have called Mondays 'Ladies Day' on the net and we have loads of fun.  We also have a ROTA section at approx 0615 on the same frequency, depending on conditions.  ROTA means 'recipe on the air', where we swap recipes.
Enough for now,    33  Shirley VK5YL

On March 11th, 2018  for the third consecutive year, the Waverley Amateur Radio Society (WARS) held their  floating field day and contest, which aims to bring amateurs together on Sydney’s world-famous harbour and its historic ferry service. With WARS head-quartered at Rose Bay, only metres from the harbour, it is well positioned to host this event. The contest  permits not only the chasing of points by radio contact but also by moving along the ferry system. ​

Below we follow contester  Dot Bishop VK2DB
OM John and I took part in the Sydney Harbour Ferry Contest. It was a glorious day with, it seemed, all of the rest of Sydney taking ferry rides. I only tried once to talk from the ferry, it was far too crowded and noisy. We started the contest rather late, boarding our first ferry at Milsons Point around midday and we made our way to Rose Bay Wharf to talk to the ferry contest organisers ( a
group of members of the Waverley ARS) and get ‘wharf points’.
The photo shows the group sitting under their shady gazebo near the Rose Bay wharf. To get points for an eyeball contact you had to shake hands and log the contact. We did that with the group at Rose Bay and then it was off to Manly, where we had a late, late lunch at the beach. Whilst our contest activity seemed minimal (the photo shows a reflection in a ferry window of me trying to use my radio — I did try), we just simply enjoyed being on the harbour on such a beautiful day, sitting back and watching all the harbour traffic — sailing boats, big boats and little boats; it was rather crowded both on the water as well as on the ferries.
Deciding it was time to leave for home, we caught the slow ferry back to Circular Quay where, with about 5 minutes to spare before the contest closed we saw a Hand-Held and clipboard and quickly exchanged numbers. While we talked to him, and with about 90 seconds before the deadline, 4 more Hand-Helds and clipboards rushed off a ferry. We all shook hands and exchanged numbers, scribbling as fast as we could while laughing and looking at our watches.
We had a fun day, each made 11 eyeball contacts and think we’ll try again next year with a headset and clipboard. We found it was far too noisy on the ferry decks to hear a Hand-Held’s speaker and we just didn’t have enough hands to hold everything you needed. Next year, maybe we might even start a bit earlier.
Source: ALARA Newsletter Issue 165 APRIL 2018

Ruth Willet (age 21), a student at Kettering University in Michigan., has been able to learn more about the field of wireless communications from professionals  thanks to a scholarship she recently received. The Radio Club of America’s Young Achiever Award  allowed her to attend the International Wireless Communications Expo (IWCE) in Orlando, Fla.,(USA) March 5-9.
“It was an eye-opening experience for me to be exposed to the field of wireless communications and to be introduced to the discussions taking place among first responders and the government regarding emergency situation preparedness,” said Willet, who is double majoring in Mechanical Engineering and Engineering Physics at Kettering.
“As an amateur radio operator, I’ve mostly only experienced the hobby side of radio. This conference allowed me to see a broad range of applications for radio and technology in a thriving industry that impacts both the workplace and our communities. It was very energizing to attend all sorts of workshops and seminars, and learn how much our daily lives are touched by the field of wireless communications.”
Some of Willet’s favourite forums that she attended discussed in-building wireless coverage, smart maps for in-building awareness, radar, and radio interference. One of the highlights of the week was attending a Women in Wireless workshop.
 Ruth passed her Extra in May 2016 and  as the president of the newly restarted amateur radio club at Kettering University works at recruiting student members and helping them get licensed.
On her QRZ.com page she says:“There are so many things I love about Ham Radio —  the community, the constant learning and the excitement of making a contact. I love having a new and different experience every time I get on the air!  I love my voice privileges on HF, it is such fun to talk to hams around the world! I enjoy the benefits of being a YL and having a younger voice when seeking out contacts.
Ruth enjoys participating in special events and contests and participated in both chasing and activating National Parks on the Air (NPOTA).

One of Ruth's favourite ways to give back to the community is by writing articles and giving presentations about Amateur radio.  The winning article for the August 2017 QST Cover Plaque award was  “Youth DX Adventure on the Caribbean Island of Saba” by Ruth Willet, KM4LA (page 70). She was a member of the 2016 Dave Kalter Memorial Youth DX Adventure to the island of Saba, callsign PJ6Y and on the air from August 2-9, 2016.  team website is http://www.qsl.net/n6jrl/
At the 2017 Dayton Hamvention she was the keynote speaker at the annual DX Dinner and at the 30th Hamvention Youth Forum in 2017.
After seeing how much fun Ruth was having in Amateur Radio, her mother Sharon  KM4TVU, became a ham in May 2016
See great pics  Youth DX Adventure, Caribbean Island of Saba   
Sources: QRZ.com
YL.beam #46 May 2017:  Amateur Radio Newsline, Neil Rapp, WB9VPG. Report 2055, March 17, 2017

Dxpedition - T88YL  Palau, Micronesia.
YL - Tatsuko, JJ1BDT will be active from Koror, Palau as T88YL during June 22-27, 2018. She is new to HF bands so asks for patience. QRV holiday-style on 40-17-15m, SSB/ QSL via JR1FKR.

Palau is an island country located in the western Pacific Ocean. The country contains approximately 340 islands, forming the western chain of the Caroline Islands in Micronesia Palau shares maritime boundaries with the Philippines, Indonesia, and the Federated States of Micronesia.

2009, Palau announced that it would create the world's first shark sanctuary. Protecting about 600,000 square kilometres (230,000 sq mi) of ocean, a similar size to France.

Facebook ‘HAM Yl’  (YLs only);
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Archived at WEST RAND ARC
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Calendar - June 2018
1 - 3,  · Messe/  Ham Fair Friedrichshafen (Germany)
7 Anniversary of 1st yl.beam newsletter June 2011;
2-3     WARO (Women's Amateur Radio Organ. New Zealand) celebrates 56 years
2-3    RSGB Field Day CW    /     SEANET (South East Asia Net)
2-3     Museum Ships Weekend
10     Hammies Sprint    14:00 to 15:00 UTC  (RSA)
10      Green Party 2018 event, 0600z  June 9th, to 0559z, June 10th
 ARER (The Romanian Association of Environmentalists Radio-amateurs)
16      Youth Day    RSA
17      World QRP Day / Father’s Day (RSA)
16-17 International Museums Weekends 2018  3rd weekend in June primary weekend
16-17 World Castles Weekend  (WCW-2018). castles and  fortresses of the World on air
21- 25 SARL Top Band  (RSA)
23-24  King of Spain Contest, SSB    1200Z, Jun 23 to 1200Z, Jun 24
23-24  ARRL Field Day 1800Z, Jun 23 to 2100Z, Jun 24 (USA) Field Day:  June 23-25 is ARRL 
23-24  International Museums Weekends 2018     4th weekend
July 1    ZS5 Sprint    14:00 to 15:00 UTC  (KZN - RSA)
1 Alexanderson Day 2018-Varberg Radio, Swedan (Sunday end June/ begin July


yl.beam # 58 may 2018

Silent Keys (YLs) 
 Oops &   Local-is-lekker
Morse Code- CW (92 Code; Q-Code; Distress Signals SOS; The RST Code)
First Danish women telegraph operator  HISTORY 
Three generations of  Yls in the family
Events:Belgian Amateur Radio Union 70th birthday; "CQ Worldwide Foxhunting Weekend;  
           DAYTON HAMVENTION 2018 ;  Portuguese Navy Day Contest,    
          MUSEUM SHIPS WEEKEND;    Russian YL Elena RC5A Dxpedition
QRZ CONTACTS&  Calendar 
Silent Key:  (YL) P43E  Emily Thiel  (27/09/1968 - 12/04/2018) 
Emily Thiel, P43E, of Oranjestad, Aruba, died on April 12 after suffering an apparent stroke while hiking in Aruba National Park. She was 49. Thiel was a competitor at WRTC 2006 (held in Brazil), a member of the Aruba Amateur Radio Club, and she managed the Aruba QSL Bureau.
Licensed in 1997, she attended various conventions and hamfests around the world. She was part of the A61AJ multi-operator team for the 2003 CQ World Wide SSB Contest. Thiel was a member of the FISTS Club and of the YLRL.

Silent Key:  (YL) Sandra Heyn  WA6WZN ( 27/09/1968 – 28/04/2018) 
Of Costa Mesa, California, died at home on April 28th following a three year battle with cancer.  She was 75.
Sandi was a member of the Orange County Amateur Radio Club, the Palomar Amateur Radio Club, the Quarter Century Wireless Association, the Southern California DX Club, the Young Ladies Radio C lub of Los Angeles, she was a past officer of the Young Ladies Radio League, a life member of the American Radio Relay League, a member of the Western Country Cousins, the Bishop Amateur Radio Club, and many other amateur radio groups.
Married to  Fried Heyn WA6WZO for the past 57 years

Condolences to the families, friends and Amateur Radio communities that both these ladies were such a big  part of.

Oops     Errors yl.beam#57-April,2018 : 
Apologies to Ngaire ZL2UJT whose call-sign was incorrectly shown as  ZXL2UJT  (no x) 
and The Thelma Souper contest (NZ – WARO) was cancelled this year.
My apologies ladies, Editor Heather, ZS5YH
Congratulations to ZS5KIM Kimmy and OM Justin, ZS5JW on their marriage 27/04/2018. 
Wishing you both much joy and many QSO's.

Ed: Anyone know the appropriate greeting for hams getting married? 
Thought a few movie quotes might work (hihi)

"You make me want to be a better Dxer..."
" I think this is the beginning of a beautiful net."
"Here's beaming at you, kid."
My mama always said, life was like a DX pileup. You never know what you gonna get."
SARL Forum 24/08/2016 ---- "MOVIE QUOTATIONS" 

In this issue Morse code seemed appropriate in celebrating Samuel Morse's original telegraphic transmission 24 May, 1844. Morse code which proved so useful aboard ships provided a link to the RNLI (Royal National Lifeboat Ins) SOS month, the Portuese Navy and Musuem ships.
 Before the voice call "mayday", SOS in Morse code was used. Mayday is an emergency procedure word used internationally as a distress signal in voice-procedure radio communications.
From the French m'aidez ('help me'), it is unrelated to the holiday May Day!
From the first Danish telegraphic lady to modern days moms, ladies have used Morse code. 
Hope you enjoy, 33 & 88 
Editor – Heather, ZS5YH
Morse Code- CW  (92 Code; Q-Code; Distress Signals SOS; The RST Code)
24 May  anniversary of Samuel Morse's first coded telegraph message.
 Samuel Finley Breese Morse (1791-1872), contributed to the invention of a single-wire telegraph system based on European telegraphs. He was a co-developer of the Morse code, and helped to develop the commercial use of telegraphy.
  Telegraphy used long wires stretched between cities and depended on "Morse code", which is a way to spell with long and short pulses. Usually, those pulses were the result of a "code key", a kind of switch which caused an electromagnet on the other end go the wire to attract an arm on a device called a "sounder" which makes a click. The operator learns to understand the meaning of the clicks, and can "copy" the code.
Essentially CW refers to a Morse transmission using a radio signal - the abbreviation coming from the fact that it uses a Carrier Wave, or Continuous Wave that is interrupted. 
The 92 Code (Deliver Promptly) was first adopted by Western Union in 1859. The reason for this adoption was to reduce bandwidth usage over the telegraph lines and speed transmissions by utilizing a numerical code system for various frequently used phrases. 
 Today, amateur radio operators still use codes 73 and 88 profusely. Radio-amateurs also occasionally use the code 99 for "Go to Hell"[? ], though this may be their own addition to the code-table. The Young Ladies Radio League uses the code 33, which means "love sealed with friendship and mutual respect between one YL [young lady] and another YL." The other codes have mostly fallen into disuse.
Q-Code  The Q-code was originally instituted at the Radiotelegraph Convention held in London, 1912 and was intended for marine radiotelegraph use. Today they are still used as shorthand between radio operators. Although originally developed to shorten transmission times when using CW, they are frequently used in voice transmission; eg. QTH (station location), QRP (low or reduced power), and QSL (confirm).
Distress Signals
When wireless radiotelegraph machines first made their way onto ships around the turn of the 20th century, seamen in danger needed a way to attract attention,. At first, different organizations and countries had their own distress signals. The U.S. Navy used “NC,” (the maritime flag signal for distress).. The Marconi Company, used “CQD.”  German operators used “…---…”.
Having  multiple distress signals was confusing and potentially dangerous. 

SOS is the International Morse code distress signal. 
First adopted by the German government  April 1905, it became effective worldwide on 1 July 1908 under the second International Radiotelegraphic Convention.  SOS remained the maritime radio distress signal until 1999, when it was replaced by the Global Maritime Distress and Safety System. (GMDSS)  
Among the last military personnel to use Morse code were signallers on ships, who used it with signal lamps to communicate over short distancess.. Merchant shipping replaced the Morse-based service in 1999  with satellites.
SOS is still recognized as a visual distress signal using flashing lights or reflections.  Used as an audio signal, Morse code can be transmitted via a radio signal  or even the sound of a car horn.  In survival situations, Morse code can be produced via the banging of pots and pans or knocking loudly on a hollow object. Morse code can be transmitted using touch or pressure.  For instance,  tugs on a rope as a means to transmit Morse code to an injured miner.
The RST Code: R - Readability S - Strength T - Tone
A system  of Signal Reporting was established about 1934 as a quick method of reporting Readability, Signal Strength and the Tone of CW. On SSB (voice contacts) , the final digit (tone) is normally omitted.
It is a system by which a received signal quality is graded, and a signal report is given.  "Readability" is judged on a scale from 1 to 5, and "Strength" and "Tone" are judged on a scale from 1 to 9.   "Tone" does not apply to a "phone" (voice) signal.  A very high quality CW signal is "599" (pronounced "five nine nine"), and such a phone signal is "59" (pronounced "five nine"). 
The RST is also reported on QSL Cards and must be filled in correctly. Although many DX operations and contest stations merely report "599" as a convenience to avoid having to log each of the real reports. 
 The use of a large number of abbreviations and the formalised formats for ham radio contacts means that Morse or CW can be used by people from around the globe even with a poor command of languages like English. 
The only Morse users left are licensed amateur radio enthusiasts, hams. Morse  Code had long been a requirement for an amateur radio licence, so that hams could understand distress and other important traffic, and as the means of last resort when voice was not possible  Although in 2003 the  requirement  was dropped,  large numbers of hams around the world still choose to use ‘CW’, and there is no sign of that dying out for a while yet.

First Danish women telegraph operator  HISTORY 
Mathilde Fibiger (13 December 1830 – 17 June 1872) died age 41 was a Danish feminist, novelist, and telegraphist.  In 1866, she completed her training at the Helsingør telegraph station, and became the first woman to be employed as a telegraph operator in Denmark.
The Mathilde Prize (named after Mathilde Fibiger) is awarded for contributions towards equality between women and men in academia.  

In reply to an article (yl #51,  4 Oct,2017) OM Larry  AG5Z wrote:   I still have the converter my dad built to allow us to listen to the beep beep beep of Sputnik.
 And  shared :Three generations of  Yls in the family
 My mother and father were both hams (W5DRI and W5DQK) since around 1951, so I grew up around ham radio. They would sometime communicate across the supper table using morse code. My brother, sister and I would not know what they were saying so we learned the code out of self defense.
I remember as my mother was working to up-grade to General, she had to learn to draw various circuits especially those of oscillators, such as Armstrong, Hartley, Colpits, Pierce, etc. She learned how to draw the circuits by sewing a blue skirt and embroidering the schematics in white thread around the skirt in a similar fashion to the popular poodle-skirt.
My Mom's W5DRI callsign transfered to my daughter, Natalie. Natalie passed away in April of 2014. My XYL, Sylvia, now holds W5DRI. Three generations of family YLs, in an incorrect order, have held the W5DRI call. I think this is kind of special.

Upcoming Events
UBA  The Royal Belgian Amateur Radio Union Celebration its 70th birthday.
 Founded in 1948 the Belgian IARU society  celebrate its 70th birthday with 59 special event stations , which will be active during the month of May 2018. These club stations will all use the OT70 prefix

  "CQ Worldwide Foxhunting Weekend" (CQ WW FW)  May 12-13, 2018
A "foxhunt" is one of several names for radio direction finding (RDF), a competition to locate a hidden radio transmitter. Participation is not limited to licensed hams, as there is no license requirement to receive, so everyone can participate. 

The Dayton Hamvention is an amateur radio convention (or hamfest), generally considered to be the world's largest hamfest. Held each May, the first Dayton Hamvention occurred on March 22, 1952  (QST March 1952).
In 2017, it was held at the Greene County Fairgrounds in Xenia, Ohio near Dayton
46 Miles to Cincinnati, OH;  53 Miles to Columbus, OH;  138 Miles to Toledo, OH
116 Miles to Lexington-Fayette, KY;  139 Miles to Louisville, KY
119 Miles to Fort Wayne, IN;   119 Miles to Indianapolis, IN

Portuguese Navy Day Contest, 18-20  May, 2018 
 Portuguese Navy Day celebrations celebrate the arrival of the Armada of Vasco da Gama in India. The contest is open to all radio amateurs and SWL according to the rules. 
DATES. The Contest takes place on 18th May 9.00 UTC 2018 to 20th May 17.00 UTC 2018. BANDS. 10, 15, 20, 40 and 80 meters, 
June  9 – June 14, 2018  – The Portuguese Navy’s Tall Ship NRP Sagres will be docked in Boston Harbror and will be open for public viewing. 

 MUSEUM SHIPS WEEKEND  0000Z June 2 - 2359Z June 3, 2018  FUN Event!
Ladies of the Net will activate Museum Ships Weekend aboard the USS Lucid in Stockton, CA Saturday June 2! Ship call sign N6MSO. 

Later this year:
Russian YL Elena RC5A Dxpedition to YN4RRC – Big Corn Island,  Nicaragua
Russian Robinson Club members Yuri RM0F, Sergey R4WAA, Sergey RZ3FW, Yuri N3QQ and Elena RC5A plan to be active from Big Corn Island, NA-013 Nicaragua during November 26 to December 6, 2018. QRV on 160-10m, CW/SSB.
Callsigns to be used: H7/RM0F, H7/R4WAA, YN4RRC, H7/RC5A

Facebook ‘HAM Yl’  (YLs only); 
SARLNUUS met Anette Jacobs ZR6D  jhjacobsza@gmail.com    
 yl.beam newsletters  Eda zs6ye.yl@gmail.com     Archived at WEST RAND ARC
also Italian Radio Amateurs Union: QTC U.R.I. –  La rivista della Unione Radioamatori Italiani

Calendar May 2018
1-31   SOS Day aka Mayday month RNLI (Royal National Lifeboat Institution).  UK
5 - 6   AWA Valve QSO Party  (RSA)
7    ALARA   AGM 2018  (Australian ladies) On-Line Echolink & 80M 1030 UTC
12-13 CQ's 21st Annual Foxhunting Weekend, 2018       also Mills on the Air 
13   Sunday, Mother's Day, South Africa
15      International Family Day
17      WTISD (World Telecommunication and Information Society Day)  
18-20 Portuguese Navy Day Contest [CW, SSB; Time: 0900 - 1700 UTC
18-20 The Wireless Institute of Australia (WIA) AGM 2018, Gold Coast
18-20 May, Dayton Hamvention. 2018  (USA)
19   RAE and AMSATSA Space Symposium (RSA)
19-20 His Maj. King of Spain Contest, CW 1200Z, May 19 to 1200Z, May 20
20    ZS3 Sprint  (NC - RSA)
24       anniversary of Samuel Morse's first coded telegraph message.
26-27  CQ WPX CW
June 2018
1- 3 Messe Friedrichsha (EU)
 2 66 Aniversary SAWRC (South African Womens Radio Club) Founded  1952
    7 years since YL Group newsletter  #1 June 2011
 2 West Rand Flea Market (RSA)
2-3   NZART  92th Anniversary Dunedin, (S Island, NZ) Otago Branch, ZL4AA
NZ - WARO (the laadies) will be 56 years old (Queens Birthday Weekend  2018)
2-3   RSGB Field Day CW FD (NFD) 2018     1500-1500 UTC
2-3   SEANET (South East Asia Net) Contest (24 hours). Starts Sat. 1200UTC
2-3   MUSEUM SHIPS WEEKEND  0000Z June 2 - 2359Z June 3, 2018  FUN Event!