The ANODE content is moving.

Hi All

Due to a lot of circumstances, I am no longer contributing to the ANODE. The club has decided to abandon all the Google utilities. The first to go was the Google+ the email address next etc. 

As no one else is contributing and the Google account is inaccessible, I have stopped as well.

So if you want to read the YL News,  go to https://jbcs.co.za/wp/

73 John ZS6WL



amateur radio ladies - yl.beam#95 june 2021


  • ALARA to promote YL groups internationally.
  • Ja-Well-No-Fine (Editorial)
  • DX Group of Cuba  female membership grows   pic  Gloria Balari-CO2GB
  • Indian YL Net     pic IndiaYLs
  • Highlights
  • Ham of the Year 2020 - VE3MIO Maureen Nightingale
  • German Yls  Women's Day  Contest Results, 2021    pic WomensDay2021DLYL
  • Hungarian Amateur Radio Association- Women's Day, 2021 pic  ylHam  ylTx
  • Silent Keys
  • Contact & Calendar

ALARA to promote YL groups internationally.
The Oceania dx Contest is held in early October each year

 https://www.oceaniadxcontest.com/  .
ALARA has offered to sponsor two plaques for the contest, one for the Oceania top YL and one for the Rest of the World. Each is for phone and cw combined total. We will name the Oceania plaque for Florence McKenzie (Mrs Mac) and the Rest of the World plaque for Austine Henry.
Florence McKenzie is the first known licenced lady amateur in Australia. She established the Women’s Emergency Signal Corps to provide a morse code training facility and became known as Mrs Mac.
Austine Henry was first licenced in 1930. She constructed her own transmitters, for which she won prizes. She was a member of the RSGB, NZART, ARRL, and a foundation member of YASME. There is more information about these two ladies on the WIA website AUSTRALIAN LADIES IN AMATEUR RADIO (wia.org.au) and in Wireless Men & Women at War, published by WIA
ALARA Newsletter, April 2021 Issue No. 177

Ja-Well-No-Fine (Editorial)
This June we celebrate yl.beam's 10th anniversary –  i.e. we celebrate 10 years of YL friendship!  
A time for pause and reflection.  The 1st letter to the YL Group was June 2011, 5 years later in 2016, the name was updated to “yl.beam”.. In June 2019 we looked at our history, the Why + How of the “yl. Beam”.  This June 2021 “yl.beam” will reach across the globe to the  amateur radio ladies with a question: Where to next? Where do YOU want us to go?
The yl.beam format has been kept short enough to be read while mobile or standing in a queue (so no attachments).  Does that work for you? Do you want more or less pictures, people or technical stuff?
We are grateful to the 'groups' who share the newsletters and to those who share their news with us. Without you, there would be no yl group.
Although YL Meetings have stalled because of pandemic restrictions, it appears to have strengthened   on-air activity,  improved propagation has also helped. Does this explain the success of the German Yls in their Women's Day contest? (See article & results below.)
 2020 - 94 logs; 2021- 162 logs, – that's a 72%increase!
We  miss the  “Women on the Radio” Facebook group run by a Spanish yl, which  closed 01/04/2021 after 4 years. I urge you to join the various yl facebook pages as another mode of staying connected and appeal to the Administrators to ensure that their posts and news can be “shared” and remember to use UTC time. 33 / 88 Editor Heather (ZS5YH / ZS6YE)

June 2021 yl.beam sent  2818 emails
Africa                350
America North  533
America  Latin  446
Asia/Oceania    401
Europe              835
UK                    253

 18 May 2021 - Alda Niemeyer  (PP5ASN)  celebrated her 101th Birthday, at home in Brazil. Birthday wishes from all YL Radio Amateurs around the world.  (yl#83 June 2020 her history)

Samantha Cristoforetti, astronaut and radio amator (IZ0UDF) will be the first European woman in command of the ISS đź›° the famous International Space Station. Samantha will take charge of ISS station in 2022., the first women from Europe. Congratulations
(see also yl.beam #46 May  2017)

 Ham of the Year 2020  VE3MIO -Maureen Nightingale
Maureen  can regularly be found at GBARC club meeting and breakfasts, where she contributes good ideas to the executive. She is an active participant on the weekly GBARC nets. Can be found on ONTARS (Ontario Amateur Radio Service Net ) on a regular basis and is often net controller for GBARC or ONTARS. She also uses digital comm’s on various club nets.
This Ham of the year is very sociable and promotes the virtues of Ham Radio.    
By VA3GUF -  The GBARC   (The Georgian Bay Amateur Radio Club - Ontario, Canada)

Carole King   Hello - I would like to add the Indian YL Net meets every day Monday to Saturday   On India Conference on EchoLink  at 13.30 UT.C  The ladies all take turns in being net controller including myself.   Join us. See you there   Carole  VA3WHU   5 Apr, 2021  

Gloria Balari-CO2GB

GDXC (Group DX of Cuba ) female membership grows
With the entry to the group of  Bárbara Alonso (CM5ABC) from Matanzas, there are now seven ladies who honor the DX Group of Cuba (GDXC) with their presence. In addition to  CM5ABC Barbara Alonso Biart, the GDXC is made up of Zulema González (CO8MGY), Mabel PadrĂłn (CO7MLS), Adisnelda Suárez (CO7YS), Grettel Sánchez (CO7YSM), Anaisa TĂ©llez (CM2ANA) and Judith Mendoza (CM2AA).
Since its foundation 40 years ago, only three women joined the group before 2017, Gloria Balari (CO2GB S/k), Nellie de Lazard (XE1CI S/k) and Teresa GascĂłn (EA5DZI).
Currently, 166 Cuban radio amateurs and 93 foreigners make up Grupo DX de Cuba.
Federation of Radio Amateurs of Cuba   Published: 02 May 2021
German YL Contest 2021  DARC (Deutscher Amateur-Radio-Club)


 International Women's Day March 8th, 2021
This YL activity has already become a highlight of the year for many. Every year I am curious to see who is on the air and I am happy to work on stations that you (really) only meet on this day!
This year there were a lot of stations! I think that's the only good thing about this Covid 19 pandemic: many have discovered our beautiful and interesting hobby or have rediscovered it for themselves. Thanks to all who participated.
162 logs were sent, it's a shame that not all have submitted a log.
87 YL and 73 OM as well as 2 SWL logs have been received.
Compared to 2020, when there were 94 logs (53 YL and 41 OM), we can be very satisfied with this year's participation. Personally, however, I would like the European stations to be more involved.
The conditions were great and the YL dominated the bands that evening. I myself was able to work 5 new YLs. DN4FN was particularly impressive for me, Monika was the youngest participant at the age of 8. Very routinely she handled one QSO after the other, thanks to the dad who supported her. Great, I'm looking forward to meeting you with your own call on the bands.
According to information from our diploma manager Karin DL2LBK, numerous diploma applications have been received. She will work through this step by step.
This year Karin did all the evaluation work again, thank you very much, you are simply great!
Congratulations to this year's winner: Tina with DL0YLY (369 points).
But actually this activity is not about winning, the evening should be fun and show that we are YL active. Many greetings, Heike DL3HD - DL YL presentation

YL Contest 2021 -   Results YL ClassU     (first 10 places only)
Rank Call   Name   Points
1. DL0YLY Tina          369
2. OE8YXK Michaela 360
3. DL0YLX  Karin       349
4. DL2LBK  Karin       341
5. DL3HD   Heike       330
6. DL0YLN  Ela          309
7. DL0YLC  Heike      301
8. DL3LS     Luisa      298
9. DL0YLU  Silvia      296
10. DL1TM   Ela         291
87 yl logs & 73 OM logs. Full  results at    https://www.darc.de/der-club/referate/yl/


International Women's Day, 2021 - Hungarian Amateur Radio Association.
On International Women's Day,  since 1987, the HA YL-OM competition has been held on the Sunday closest to March 8.   providing an opportunity for  female radio amateurs  to activate and greet other Yls on International Women's Day.
2021,   Sunday 07 March  -  YL-OM  Number of Logos Processed: 77
Results First 10 places
 YL stations on RH and VHF
Call Name QSO Asked Point
HA5YG GABI    117 565
HA6AA LENA    116 575
HA5YD DORI    106 530
HA5FQ MARTI     99 495
HA5KRC KLARI   86 430
HA3FPI CSILLA    91 455
HA5FO EDINA      69 345
HG5ONE REKA    59 295
HA1MM DORA      51 255


CE6TBB Gladys Ormeño  from Temuco,Chile  
Silent Key (Q.E.P.D.). 24/05/2021
 She served in several management periods of FEDERACHI, as Vice President, Director and Head of the DX and Contests Commission.
 Through the clubs where she was a member, Temuco CE6TC and Villarrica, CE6RCV, she participated in different activities, especially in some expeditions organized by colleague Carlos Montecinos CE6AMN
She was very active in radio for many years and she was very supportive of her colleagues.
 Condolences -  FederaciĂłn de Clubes de Radioaficionados de Chile.

The Radio Club Grupo DX Bahía Blanca LU3DXG (Argentia) expresses its deep sorrow at the news of the death of the distinguished colleague Gladys Ormeño Contreras CE6TBB from the city of Temuco.
We had the honor of receiving her in our city at the  First International Meeting of Radio amateurs BahĂ­a Blanca 2006.
Gladys worked for several periods at FEDERACHI, holding different positions, such as Vice President, Director and Head of the DX and Contests Commission. She was an enthusiastic, kind and friendly radio amateur. A member of Radio Club Temuco CE6TC and Radio Club Villarrica CE6RCV, she was always very active in La Rueda de La Amistad with her unmistakable voice.
She was part of the organizing staff of the Encounter of the Friendship Wheel, which takes place every year in Licán Ray, on the north shore of Lake Calafquén, in the commune of Villarrica in the Araucanía Region.
She also participated in different expeditions organized by the late friend and colleague Carlos Montecinos CE6AMN, a great activator of lighthouses and islands in Chile.
Our condolences to her family and friends for the irreparable loss.
Carlos AlmirĂłn 25/05/2021


Silent Key  (RIP/  QEPD)
 EI9IZ Hazel Leahy - Silent Key
It is with great sadness that we announce the death of Hazel Leahy EI9IZ (nee Scannell) of Barnlough, Bansha, Co Tipperary who passed away on Thursday the 13th of May 2021. While not very active in recent years, Hazel was one of the founding members of Tipperary Amatuer Radio Group when it was formed in October 1994. She served as secretary of T.A.R.G. on its formation and played a major role in getting the group active over the following years. Hazel was a well respected and a valued member of T.A.R.G. as her enthusiasm for ham radio was infectous. We offer our deepest sympathies to her loving husband Joe EI5GE and extended family.  
May she rest in peace.    Tipperary Amateur Radio Group

N8ZAM Kristine H. Olson, 62, of Kingsford passed away Sunday, May 23, 2021.
Kristine was born in Iron Mountain on Jan. 28, 1959.
She was employed at a nursing home. She was an avid reader, enjoyed Sudoku  and was a licensed amateur radio operator with call sign N8ZAM.

ON5KI Nadine Collart, Belgium -  SK  26/04/2021
It was with great sadness that we learned of Nadine's passing on 26/04/2021 at the age of 59 following a long illness. Nadine was a winner in everything she did:  at ping pong, shooting, amateur radio contests, and photography.
First licensed amateur radio in Liège Province, Belguim, she was active in radio contests and pioneered  JOTA activities in the GDV.  Nothing stopped her, she had  planned an IOTA (Islands-on-the-air) activity at low tide on an exposed sandbank in the North Sea. Everything was planned including a boat and equipment.  The project was unfortunately aborted as the  then president, Julien ON4SG,  considered the adventure to be too perilous for the members.
Nadine will be  missed.  Rest in peace my best team-mate radio contests, 2 M teammate from GDV.
Courage to the family and especially to her husband Jose.
For the GDV, Jean ON4KJR.Jean Radermecker   28/04/2021
[GDV, originally called the Gang De Verviers was a section of the UBA,]
VA3MLH Marylaura Harden   of ST CHARLES, ON Canada    S/k  18/05/2021
Mary held the call VA3MLH from 2008 and operated mainly VHF and was a very good operator during our local events. Her main hobby was quilting, she belonged to a group with the same interests and got a lot of enjoyment from that.

 VK2JPA Pat Leeper - Silent Key  
Pat was first licenced in 1987 and was an active member of ANARTS, WIA (NSW) and the Gladesville Amateur Radio Club in the 80’s 90’s and 00’s.
She will be sorely missed.   Steve Leeper 18/05/2021

 CONTACT  US:  https://web.facebook.com/ham.yls?_rdc=1&_rdr ‘HAM YL'
  yl.beam news:  Editor Eda zs6ye.yl@gmail.com    
Earlier newsletters can be found on the website of WEST RAND ARC
 wrarc-anode.blogspot.com     &   https://wrarc-anode.blogspot.co.za/
and:  Italian Radio Amateurs Union: QTC U.R.I.
also @ https://www.darc.de/en/der-club/referate/yl/

Unsubscribe: If you do not wish to receive this newsletter, please  email zs6ye.yl@gmail.com

Calendar June 2021
Austria – German  net in DMR mode
Every 1st and 3rd Thursday of the month, the YLs from OE and DL meet in DMR mode
Time:  18:00 UTC. Reflector: 4185 in the DMR + network OM are also very welcome.

June 2        u3a Day  (University of the Third Age) 2021 - 1st National Day
                   GB5UTA  June 1-28 promoting Amateur Radio among the 450,000 strong U3A

June 5        YL Net 1st  Saturday of month, 2000 (UK) on GB3DA Danbury 2m repeater

June 5 - 6   Museum ShipsWeekend, organized at BNJARS (Battleship New Jersey AR  station).

June 5        SEA-PAC  virtual Convention, free seminars  https://www.seapac.org/

June 12-13 Portugal Day Contest

June 13       JLRS YL CQ Day  SUN, 9:00 AM UTC+09 – 4:00 PM UTC+09 (2nd Sunday)

June 17       World QRP Day

June 19–20 International Museums Weekends 2021  Amateur Radio Special Event

June 20       Father’s Day

June 26-27  International Museums Weekends 2021  Amateur Radio Special Event

CANC. June 25 to 27, 2021  HAM Radio Friedrichshafen,, Germany > June 24-26, 2022



The Electronics Curse

Many years ago I believe I coined the phrase; "The Electronics Curse." This curse like "Murphy's Law" was used to describe the situation where having designed and constructed some circuit, it was tested. Usually with good results and some application for the time. But with some circumstances beyond my/our control, the circuit would go off into the wild blue yonder.


The Curse

"Your amplifiers will oscillate, your oscillators won't!" Often described a new circuit on test that did not come close to working like it should.

Sometimes it was a construction mistake. Carrying the output too close to the input. The short but inductive earth wire was making the circuit 'whistle' at VHF. Or the electrolytic capacitor being connected in parallel with a ceramic capacitor. The designer having forgotten the parallel tuned circuit this creates. Or that the audio amplifier was 'tweeting' (Not the new version) and making a sound like a bird repeating at a regular interval.

This last has triggered my writing this. I have for a long time wanted to re-construct the Direct Conversion receiver from 1968 QST magazine. Using modern 'second used' components. That is a polite way of saying scrounged from junked electronics.

The circuit is this one:-

[You may remember this circuit from The Anode March 2021

Using modern transistors I constructed the circuit of the audio amplifier. Using scrounged capacitors and new(ish) resistors, I built the circuit on Vero like board. This even in the 60's was the quick and easy way of putting a circuit together. Also disliked by R.F. engineers it would provide a path for R.F. feedback of the bad variety. Producing a PC board is out of the question. Cost alone makes this out of the reach or of no interest to most people round here.

What the three transistor circuit was doing, was doing, was oscillating at several MHz. Which was charging/discharging the electrolytic capacitors at audio. 

The resulting 'squawk' was disturbing the cat! I had the output connected to one of the small PC amplified speakers that people threw away.

When I got to the back of the board I found the trace that I had forgotten to cut, was running past the input. So I cut the trace along with a few others for good measure. Switching on, the circuit was quiet. No longer disturbing the cat. And a gentle background hiss said the circuit was sensitive enough to use.

This all is not surprising as modern (1990's) transistors have a much higher transition frequency (FT) than the 1960's ones. So much more gain at VHF and H.F. So a small amount of capacitance and lots of gain add up to instability and oscillation.

So the next step is to place it in a screened enclosure.

The next step in the project is to try out some cores for the mixer. These will have to be 'cheap'! Lets see how the Amidon and Micro-Metals perform vs the old Mullard/Philips types.



yl.beam #94 may 2021


  • YL Recipients of  SARL Awards  2020
  • Missing copies of Radio ZS
  • Mexico – Women's Day 2021 Results
  • Reunion Island
  • Golden Wedding Anniversary for Rosel DL3KWR & OM, Hardy DL3KWF
  • Kartini Day   celebrates Indonesian Women
  • DX222 YL Net ANZA NET ALARA  Echolonk
  • Cathy Purdie ZL2ADK - Obituary  
  • Silent Keys
  • Contact & Dates

YL Recipients of SARL Awards and Trophies for 2020  (South Africal Radio League)
Source: Dennis Green, ZS4BS SARL Secretary -  Radio ZS - March / Maart 2021  [p29-30]
At the Council meeting of 16 February 2021, the 2020 the awards were approved.

Radio ZS Shield - awarded by the Editor of Radio ZS to a SARL affiliated Club or member who best supported Radio ZS during the year. Heather Holland, ZS5YH – YL.Beam  &  Daniel Romila, VE7LCG – various articles

The Brian Jones, ZS6BV, SOTA ZS Award - awarded by SOTA SA to the ZS amateur who contributed most towards the SOTA ZS programme in the past year.   Marie Grobbelaar  ZS4MG and her OM Chris, ZS4CGR 

The Class B RAE Certificate - awarded by Council for the highest marks in the Class B RAE
Kiara McLean ZU1ISS

The AKYAB Trophy - awarded by the Contest Committee to the SARL member who, in his/her first year of licensed activity, achieves the highest score during the annual HF Phone Contest. - Veronica Kotze, ZR6TVK  and
The Fred Mills Trophy - awarded by the Contest Committee to the SARL member who achieves the highest score during the annual HF Phone, Digital and CW Contests, who has never won a SARL HF Contest Trophy before: Veronica Kotze, ZR6TVK 
The SAWRC Trophy - awarded by the Contest Committee to the YL SARL member amateur who achieved the highest aggregate score in the three annual South African Radio League HF Contests - Veronica Kotze, ZR6TVK

SARL Certificate of Recognition
Mrs Mel Gwilt – PEARS  (Port Elizabeth AR Society)
Mrs Santjie White - Aeronautical Rescue Coordination Centre
Marjoke Schuitemaker, ZS5V  – SA Maritime Mobile Net

Your editor took the liberty of extracting only ladies awards. Well done all.

Missing copies of Radio ZS
Anette Jacobs, ZR6D has been searching for and collecting copies of Radio ZS. She then scans the magazines and sends it to the SARL Secretary to upload to the League web site. Gert Botha, ZS6GC has created a Radio ZS Index from 1925 to the present issue.
Anette, ZR6D and Gert, ZS6GC are busy with the Radio ZS project to get a complete set of Radio ZS magazines digitised. And then have the Radio ZS Index updated. They are looking for copies of October 2001; April 1975; June 1972; September 1962; June 1960; May 1955; January to June 1951; August to December 1951; February and March 1950; May 1948; January to June 1947. Then 1925 to 1946 excluding November 1925. If you can assist then, please contact them at jhjacobsza@gmail.com and/or gertb@cybersmart.co.za.

Mexico – Women's Day 2021 Results
A special congratulations to the winners of the XE-YL Contest 2021:
1st. place: XE3TDC Tila del Carmen of the State of Tabasco.
2nd. place: XE3 ECP Edith Cobarrubias of the State of Tabasco
3rd. place: XE1LOV Luz Ma. Ortiz of the State of Mexico
The certificates of participation for those who sent their log are now available on the event page
 Contest Manager XE1SPM    Patricia Mohedano TĂ©llez   8/04/2021

Reunion Island
Phil, F5TRO and XYL Ann, F5BSB will be new arrivals and permanent residents on the island in May 2021.  Their call signs will be FR8UA and FR8TZ, respectively.
They will be active on all bands & modes.. HF Happenings 942,  29 March 2021

Golden Wedding Anniversary for Rosel DL3KWR & OM, Hardy DL3KWF
DX News Dec 2020 - In the extreme last year my OM, Hardy DL3KWF, and I were lucky that we could twice go abroad. In the March we were on Madeira and operated as CT9/ homecall again on the air before pandemic really hit. In the September it was possible to go by car and ferry to Denmark. So we could participate in CW part of the Scandinavian Contest. TNX Inger’s (OZ7AGR) permission I could activate again OZ6SYL. Of course we visited Inger and Bjarne in Solrød. We were going to the beach and we were reminded of the wonderful SYLRA Meeting in 2013. Hardy and I were amazed that so many people had joined them at the official welcome.
On the 19th December was our great day: our Golden Wedding Anniversary. We were alone on account of Corona but happy that we both live to see this day. We hope that we can make up the celebration with our family in the new year 33 Rosel DL3KWR    
 ▪ ALARA Newsletter Issue 177 April 2021 Page 3 

Kartini Day   celebrates Indonesian Women
21 April, Indonesians commemorate Hari Kartini (Kartini’s Day).  An Indonesian national holiday, akin to International Women’s Day, the focus is the issue of women empowerment.
Ibu Kartini’s was born  21st of April, 1879  and even though she died at only age 25, Kartini is hailed as Indonesia’s first feminist. Her desire to see women freed from repressive laws and beliefs made her a heroine.
 ORARI  (Organization  Amateur Radio Indonesia) with  the Amateur Woman Radio Indonesia (WARNA) held a Special Event Station 8A21A in Commemoration of Kartini Women's Emancipation 2021.  As many as 769 Stations from all over the World responded
ORARI in  Bali  held a Special 80m Net in commemoration of  KARTINI Day 21 April 2021, with yl  controllers  (YC9CCU, YC9BFQ and YC9BDT).

DX222 YL Net
As propagation is ever so slowly improving we thought it might be a good idea to re-instate the DX222 YL Net this year. It used to run on a Monday at 0530UTC on 14.222 MHz June, VK4SJ was one of our earlier net control people but is not able to be net control.

So, this is a plea for the YL HF operators amongst you, anywhere in the world, to have fun on the air. safe, Shirley VK5YL, ALARA NEWSLETTER   January 2021 Issue No. 176

ANZA NET 14.183Mhz 0515 UTC Daily

Ladies Day is now held on Thursdays each week. Net controls are Lyn VK4SWE when available and Shirley VK5YL and is usually followed by ROTA (Recipes on the Air). These YLs (and OMs) would love to hear some new voices. Join in

ALARA NEWSLETTER   January 2021 Issue No. 176

ALARA Conference Station - IRLP node is 9509

YL Downunder Net - 4th Thursday of the month at 0500 UTC. Shirley VK5YL is net control.

ALARA Monday night nets - The net runs every Monday night with the 1st and 3rd Mondays on EchoLink.  All of the Monday night nets are HF (80 M 3.570 MHz) Times are Summer– 1030 UTC, and Winter— 1000 UTC. (See Roster page 2 for dates and controller) YLRL Weekly net - 0100 UTC every Friday. Net control is usually Catherine AC4YL Minnows net - 0230 UTC every Friday. Net control is Margaret AE7MB We usually operate the ALARA Conference station for our committee nets as well.

Other Nets

VK3 Net - Join Jean VK3VIP at 0800 UTC on Tuesday summer evenings on VK3RMM repeater 147.250 Mhz (Mt Macedon). Winter evenings 0900 UTC.

Ann Renton Memorial Net - Runs fourth Tuesday each month, 146.50 MHz at 0930 UTC from TARC (Townsville) VE3TTT-R Minnie’s Net - This station is set up to receive EchoLink stations as well as 2 meter check-ins. Minnie VE3DBQ is net control for this sked which happens at 2130 UTC on every second Wednesday, the next one 21st October (early morning of 16th July for Australia) then every other week after that.

ALARA NEWSLETTER   January 2021 Issue No. 176

Obituary  for Cathy Purdie ZL2ADK





Jen VK3WQ & Cathy Purdie ZL2ADKBrisbane1999

27 Mar 2021, attached an obituary I wrote for the ALARA column in Amateur Radio (Australia) magazine about Cathy Purdie ZL2ADK who passed away a couple of months ago.  Cathy was my sponsor into NZ WARO and we were friends for around 30 years.    33/88 Jen VK3WQ

CATHY  PURDIE  ZL2ADK SK    15.10.46 - 10.2.21
Many of you who have attended some of our past ALARA meets will probably remember Cathy ZL2ADK and her OM Brian ZL2ADL. I first sponsored Cathy into ALARA and she sponsored me into WARO (the New Zealand Women Amateur Radio Operators organisation) in October 1982 ... 39 years ago!
Cathy and Brian attended their first ALARA meet in Perth in 1996, the only one I haven’t attended, but we did finally meet face to face in Brisbane in 1999. She and Brian also went to the 2nd Mildura ALARA meet in 2005, after which I drove them back to Murray Bridge where they stayed with me for a few days.
More recently they attended the Nelson Bay meet in 2014 and Cairns in 2017.
I would like to share some of my memories (with a little help from an old WARO Newsletter) of this amazing woman’s activities and achievements.
Born and educated in Wanganui (NZ), Cathy went to Palmerston North for her tertiary education to become a teacher. She and Brian raised a family of four plus one foster child; four girls and a boy.
Cathy was first licenced in 1979 as ZL2NAT, and believed that she was the first YL Novice in New Zealand. Not long after that she passed her Grade 3 exam and became ZL2TZR. In 1980 she passed her Grade 2 Morse, becoming ZL2ADK, and in 1981 the Grade 1 exam.
I will try to prĂ©cis Cathy’s other amateur activities and achievements.
After obtaining her licence, Cathy served for several years on the WARO executive, taking many positions which culminated in her becoming President. In 1985 she was elected to the NZART Council where she served for 10 years. After a short break, she did another two years from 1997 to 1999. During this time she was asked to do a WARO segment on the NZART Broadcast each month, and she did this for 10 or 11 years.
She was a member of the Wanganui Land Search and Rescue Organisation for over 20 years (as at 2013) and served for a time as Deputy AREC (Amateur Radio Emergency Communications) Section Leader for their local Marton Branch 23.
Cathy was part of a group of  YLs who first put the WARO callsign  ZL2YL on air, for a National Field Day, operating under Branch 19 Inglewood. They were accused of being “Pirates” several times, but after it was realised that they were genuine, it became a busy and fun weekend.
She was honoured to be made a Life Member of WARO in 1985.
In 1989 Cathy and Brian did their first overseas trip to the YLRL (Young Ladies Relay League – America) Convention in Hawaii and she was part of the committee that arranged the YL International gathering in Wellington (NZ) in 2000; and later attended a YL International Meet in Sicily.
Cathy will not only be missed by her many friends and relatives, but also by the many organisations to whom she willingly gave her time and energy. She passed away on February 10th 2021, after a long battle with cardiac problems and cancer.
Post Script: Cathy’s funeral was held on Tuesday 16th of February, in Palmerston North, and I was humbled and pleased to be sent the information to receive the streaming of it on-line. There were 100 people in the chapel, according to the COVID regulations, and the overflow of people were watching it in the near-by Scout Hall. A recognition of all the people whose lives she had touched.
Our deepest sympathy goes to Brian and the family.
Vale dear friend. Cathy ZL2ADK.
alara.org.au ▪ ALARA Newsletter Issue 177 April 2021 Page 14

Silent Key     VE1VCI  Merle Taylor, Canada  Died 22/04/2021 She was 98.  

Fred and Merle on their wedding day, which was also Merle’s twentieth birthday. You can see their matching red shoulder badges with rays of electricity, showing that they were both in Communications.  

VE1VCI  Merle Taylor,  August 2, 1923 – 22 April, 2021
Merle had just turned sixteen when war was declared in September 1939
In 1942, when Merle was 19, she saw an opportunity to apply to be a Wireless Operator in the Royal Canadian Air Force, Women’s Division. She was hired and her main responsibility was Morse Code.
After her training, Merle was sent to Number 1 Wireless School in Montreal. There she learned how to use Morse Code, how to signal using lights and flags, as well as other theoretical classes such as the components of a radio. She taught the code to pilots through the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan
On her twentieth birthday August 2, 1943,  she married Fred Taylor
In 1986 Merle passed the exams necessary to become a ham radio operator – receiving a mark of 100 percent on the Morse Code test. She set up her radio system in her basement and  communicates with people around the world, both through voice and Morse Code. During the 1980s, she even won the provincial annual amateur radio competition.

More about this remarkable woman's  life, with pictures, on the sites listed below:
 veteran CW operator – Amateur Radio Newsline Facebook  24/02/2021
Merle Taylor: Maven of Morse Code July 20, 2016
Val Lernko, VE5AQ/VE5ACJ wrote an article in the  November/December 2010 issue of TCA (The Canadian Amateur) Magazine.

Silent Keys
KB7VOX Patricia J Painter OROFINO, ID (USA) died 7 April 2021.
Born 1948 Patricia was married to W0OVL Steven Painter for 54 years.  Condolences.

 HK4NBS Silvia Betty Jaramillo   died  07/04/2021
Condolences to her om HK4HRA  Mario de Jesus  Arango  Palacio, from  Medellin Antioquia, Colombia Liga de Radioaficionados MedellĂ­n

Ingrid Burk DL3SAR Died   7 December, 2020,  age of 87
Ingrid was regularly qrv in the 80m YL round on Wednesdays, also from her 2nd residence in southern France under F5VDO. Every year she visited the HAM-Radio in Friedrichshafen and many YL meetings of our 80m round, most recently in 2017 in Weinheim. Ingrid was a member of the OV Leonberg / Rutesheim, P24, for over 35 years, a member of the YLRL and the INTERMAR amateur marine radio association.
Our condolences go to their OM Herbert, DJ2OV and their large family.
Gertrud Szyza, DK8LQ https://www.darc.de/der-club/referate/aktuelles/

 CONTACT  US:  https://web.facebook.com/ham.yls?_rdc=1&_rdr ‘HAM YL'
  yl.beam news:  Editor Eda zs6ye.yl@gmail.com    
Earlier newsletters can be found on the website of WEST RAND ARC
 wrarc-anode.blogspot.com     &   https://wrarc-anode.blogspot.co.za/
and:  Italian Radio Amateurs Union: QTC U.R.I.
also @ https://www.darc.de/en/der-club/referate/yl/      (erman ARC)

Unsubscribe: If you do not wish to receive this newsletter, please  email zs6ye.yl@gmail.com 

Calendar May 2021

May 1        BYLARA  AGM 2021 Online

May 3        ALARA  AGM 1030 UTC ALARA EchoLink Conference Station and on 80M

May 9        JLRS YL CQ Day  SUN, 9:00 AM UTC+09 – 4:00 PM UTC+09 (2nd Sunday

May 9        Mother’s Day

May 15 -22 AGCW (Activity Group CW) activity week

May 29-30  CQ WPX CW contest

May 29-30  Day of YL's Memorial  2021  29th May 00:00hrs to 30th May 23:59 hrs in memory of F5ISY - Carine DUBOIS  ka1uln.blogspot.


FYI - Radio Amateur Licence Renewal

Details of the new method of licence renewal are in a PDF [ICASA online - Amateur renewal] here.


yl.beam #93 april 2021


  • Results of the SARL YL Sprint, 6 March. 2021
  • Dutch Yls
  • Ja-Well-No-Fine
  • Marconi arrives on Mars
  • Story of a Net Controller    
  • YL Nets   YLRL District 5 Jan news 2021
  • YL Op Net
  • K4SAF   Carol Fraley Laferty   2021 A Ham for 63 years
  • Silent Key
  • Contacts & Calendar

Results of the SARL YL Sprint   Saturday 6 March. 2021
22 logs were received  -  YLs 8 +  OMs 14
1st Karin Andrew, ZS6MMA – 162 points
2nd Beverley van Tonder, ZR6BVT - 114 points
3rd Veronica Kotze, ZR6TVK - 105 points
4th Erika Byleveldt, ZS6ETB and Marjoke Schuitemaker, ZS5V – 93 points
6th Sonet de Wet, ZS3SW – 90 points
7th Heather Holland, ZS5YH – 87 points
8th Esmè Walsh,ZS3EW – 57 points
HF Happenings 939 Week of 8 March 2021 Page 2

Although only the yl results appear above, we are grateful to the many OMs who support us.

Dutch YLs & the Russian DX contest
PI4YLC terug met deelname aan Russian DX contest - Posted on 21/03/2021 by pa1eng

The Russian DX contest is "our" contest. As of 2013, the PI4YLC contest team has not skipped a single year. Except last year when we had to abandon our plans due to the developments in the corona pandemic. This year had to be different. We absolutely wanted to be audible in the contest and we succeeded!

Each contest has its own challenges and lessons. This time the challenge was mainly organizational. How do you organize a multi-operator participation in a contest if you have to comply with the corona measures, the contest rules and the user provisions? In other times we tried to be active with a large number of YLs in order to let several ladies gain experience with radio and contests in this way. Unfortunately that was not possible this time. That is why we have decided, in consultation, to have two ladies represent the call PI4YLC.

Because of the combination CW and SSB, Mariëtte PA1ENG and Claudia PA5CT together did the Russian DX contest from Claudia's home QTH in Esch. At the last moment a dipole for 40m was arranged so that, in addition to the FB-23 for 10, 15 and 20m and an inverted-L for 80 and 160m, all bands were possible. We used a nice dual set-up of Elecraft K3 so that one could transmit and the other could listen.

After a year of absence, it was extra special to hear the typical sounds of band noise and competition signals from the radios. We not only achieved nice contest points, but also enjoyed activating our call. Other ladies from the Dutch Young Ladies Club encouraged us from a distance or made some points themselves under their own call. We hope that next time we can bring the call PI4YLC in the air with more Yls.

Ja-Well-No-Fine  (Editorial)

There were several women-on-the-air events celebrating 8 March Women's Day and we hope to receive news and results in the future. We reflect on the diversity of Amateur radio from landing on Mars to staying home.

18th April is 'World Amateur Radio Day' and the theme for 2021 will be ‘Home but never alone’. Due to Covid-19, many gatherings and amateur radio events have been cancelled, however, amateur radio has kept us connected.  

Listen out for special event stations around the world that will be on the air that day.

A remark posted by a yl from the USA, K4SAF Carol Fraley Laferty, prompted a look at her qrz.com page.  and I hope that sharing her radio history  proves an inspiration.

Carol received a lot of support from her 'Ham' family and  whether you join a local net or work DX,  stay-on-the-air and support other Hams (Women in particular) and I hope the articles below will encourage you to do just that.

Stay active but safe  33 Heather ZS5YH
                    ‘Home but never alone’.  

Marconi arrives on Mars aboard the Rover Perseverance - NASA inserts Marconi's name in the computer memory of "Perseverance", together with that of the Science Park of Santa Marinella, a museum on the outskirts of Rome, which collects historical material about Marconi and radio.

Wonder if Marconi  ever dreamt of travelling to the planet Mars?  

INTERNATIONAL MARCONI  DAY (IMD) 25th April  - listen for special event stations.
Marconi Born: April 25, 1874, Bologna, Italy Died: July 20, 1937, Rome, Italy

In 1909 Guglielmo Marconi, along with Karl Braun, was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics.

Story of a Net Controller      

S21KV Kawsar Mohammad,, OM from Bangladesh, South Asia posted on Facebook:.  

I am actively involved with West Bengal Amateur Radio Club in conducting the SAARC Echo VHF Net for almost a year now. Many of my Amateur Radio friends have questioned that what type of Amateur Radio practice is this? Some of them asked what is the difference between using Echolink to communicate with other HAM and just DM’ing into their social media account? Some mocked that what is the use of just roll calling during the net, just say hello and then 73s? Some of them even questioned that if I, S21KV from Bangladesh, is qualified enough for being a Net Controller in the SAARC Echo VHF net.

Truth be told, I became depressed after hearing all this; I kept questioning myself, am I actually qualified enough for this position? Or am I just wasting time? I have discussed this with my mentor and good friend (yl) VU2JFB Rinku Nag Biswas Rinku Di. Her advice and kind words immediately cleared my confusion!

I believe that every member of the Amateur Radio Community should be prepared for any adverse situations that may arise at any time and one key component of that preparedness is the Echolink. In addition to that, a good Amateur Radio Operator should always be in touch with other Operators and we do this by conducting our daily nets.

A major component of such a roll call net is that each individual shares their local weather report with the net. This helps us to know about the weather of those places and get a clear image of the local condition.

Other than that we conduct special nets to celebrate special days such as International Mother Language Day or International Womens’ Day.

Another special advantage of Echolink is that any Amateur Radio Operator from any corner of the World can join the net and share their conditions.

Our SAARC Echo VHF can be locally heard in Kolkata (India) at 145.000 MHz (-ve shift).

YL Nets

With our new normal of social distancing, I am grateful we can all reach out to one another on the many YL nets around the globe.  Nearly all of the nets that I participate in, have a good size group of ladies.  So, if you have not tried to join in on one before, now if a good time.  Don't be shy.  One of the differences, besides topics, on a YL net, is you will find that the ladies really enjoy helping each other.  There are different nets for all licenses.  Come join us.

Where are the YL's.  Are you looking for YL nets?  You can find YLs on UHF, VHMR, HF and Echolink.  
 find a list of YL Nets 


YLRL District 5 Jan news 2021

YL Op Net
Intro Script:   Welcome ladies to the YL Op Net.
 This is [Your Name and Callsign] - Net Control for this evening’s net.  We meet every Thursday at 8pm Eastern Time on the Echolink ALARA Conference Node.  Be sure to invite all YLs you know to join us!
We do ask that only YLs, or female ham radio operators, check in and participate.  The purpose of this net is to encourage you to become and stay active with amateur radio, help each other enhance our operating knowledge and skills, and have fun!
YLs who would like to check in please give us your callsign, name, and current location, and don’t forget that there is a 3 to 4 second delay when transmitting through Echolink.    This is [Your Name and callsign].  We will now begin taking check-ins – please call now.

Post Script: Final Check-Ins [Call for Final Check-Ins]
Don’t forget to visit and post to our YL Op Net Facebook Group and continue net topics and questions there in between weekly nets!  We also encourage you to participate and post all ham related questions, adventures, and all things ham radio related in the YL Ops Groups.IO Group Page!
We would like to thank ALARA for the use of this EchoLink Conference Node and all linked and listening for your ongoing support of this net.
This is [Your Name and callsign] closing the YL Op Net and returning the ALARA conference node back to normal use.  33 and see you next week!
ALARA Conference Station - IRLP node is 9509

K4SAF   Carol Fraley Laferty    

A Ham for 63 years

My ham shack has been upgraded to my dream She-Shack, and I am having more fun in ham radio than I have had since a teenager.  I have been operating the digital modes for two years almost, and during the Corona Virus Pandemic I set some amateur radio goals.  I have accomplished more during this time than I ever dreamed possible.  I have finished DXCC, and received Worked All States on 160, 80, 40, 30, 20, 17, and 15, Mixed, Digital and CW.  I need only AK and WY on 10 meters. Thanks to all in the ham community all around the world for helping me achieve this.  I was never interested in completing these awards until now.  

The hardest award for me to get has been the YLRL WAS YL (Worked All States).  I need only MT and RI now to complete it.  Many more of the licensed YLs need to get on the air more often.  

I was 15 when I got my license in 1957 and will be celebrating my 64th year as a ham on 9/28/2021.  My brother, Fred Fraley, W4CHK > AA4FF > W4DF, who is now a Silent Key, was instrumental in getting me on the air. He taught me the code and shared his shack willingly with his younger sister.  I have kept the same call all my years on the air. My late father also got his license at the same time I did and was K4SAB.

I met my husband Don Laferty, K4GFY via radio in 1957. He is also now a Silent Key.  We talked for three years on cw and phone before we actually met in person.  We had been married for 53 years when he passed in 2015. Our son Don Laferty, Jr., who lives in Wisconsin, now has his Dad's call, K4GFY.

I am a retired high school Business and Computer teacher. I also taught part-time in the CIS Dept at Morehead State University.  I am active in the Young Ladies Radio League (YLRL) and was the   U.S./Canada Receiving Treasurer for 11 years.  I enjoy seeing my YLRL and ham friends at Dayton Hamvention and at our national YLRL convention, which is held every 3 years. I am also a member of QCWA, SKCC, and FISTS, and our local radio club, Morehead Amateur Radio Society, in Morehead, KY.  I received my Extra class in 2000, just before the 20 wpm code requirement was dropped. Hope to see you on the bands or possibly on Facebook.  
QCWA  Quarter Century Wireless Association
SKCC Straight Key Century Club
FISTS  The International Morse Preservation Society


Silent Key  KF4NI Ruby Carolyn Byrd    

DECEMBER 12, 1944 – DECEMBER 30, 2020
Ruby Payne Byrd, born in Davidson County, December 12, 1944, passed away December 30, 2020, age 76,  at the Lexington Health Care Center following several years of declining health.
She was a licensed ham radio operator and a notary public. She was a member of the Red Hats in Sun City, Arizona where she lived for many years. Ruby loved to go to ham fests and flea markets.    First licensed in 1973. she had been a member of YLRL for many years.
She was preceded in death by her husband Norman Kent Byrd W4NKB,  to whom she was married for 48 years

 CONTACT  US:  https://web.facebook.com/ham.yls?_rdc=1&_rdr ‘HAM YL'
  yl.beam news:  Editor Eda zs6ye.yl@gmail.com    
Earlier newsletters can be found on the website of WEST RAND ARC
 wrarc-anode.blogspot.com     &   https://wrarc-anode.blogspot.co.za/
and:  Italian Radio Amateurs Union: QTC U.R.I.
also @ https://www.darc.de/en/der-club/referate/yl/
Unsubscribe: If you do not wish to receive this newsletter, please  email zs6ye.yl@gmail.com

2021  April  Calendar

2         Good Friday
3         YL Net 1st  Saturday of month, 2000 (UK) on GB3DA Danbury 2m repeater
3         RaDAR Challenge (S Africa)
4         Passover; Easter Sunday
7 – 11  Parks in the Americas Week   00:00 UTC to 4/11/21 21:00UTC.  www.radioexpedicao.com
10        Autumn QRP contest (S Africa)
10-11   CQWS, World Scouts - HF 2021 – Contest  (Brasil)  2nd full weekend of April 24 hours,  16h00 UTC Saturday - 16h00 UTC Sunday.  
11        JLRS YL CQ Day  SUN, 9:00 AM UTC+09 – 4:00 PM UTC+09 (2nd Sunday of month)
12        New Moon; Start of Ramadan;
14 - 15 Maritime Radio Day (MRD) 10th anniversary.   1200 UTC April 14 to 2200 UTC  April 15.
         commemorates nearly 90 years of wireless service for seafarers.
17 - 18 CQMM  DX  CONTEST 0900Z, Apr 17 to 2359Z, Apr 18,  3rd full weekend April.
16-17   SARL National Convention  (S Africa)
17        ZS4SRK Balloon contest (S Africa)
18        World Amateur Radio Day 'Home but Never Alone' 2021 theme
18        ZS4 Sprint (S Africa)
22        International Girls in ICT Day  10th Anniversary every 4th Thursday of April ITU
24        Int Marconi Day (Sat)
25        Marconi's birthday
27        Freedom Day; SARL 40 m Grid Square Sprint (S Africa)


Question from the May Rae Class of 2021 - WhatsApp Group


The other day I was asked;"@John Brock hi there.. are you able to recommend any simple receiver circuit kits to build ?Just to help me understand some of the fundamentals I'm learning.. some of it is unintuitive."

Pause for thought, yes! But this is not an easy question to answer.

If this were a first world country, I would recommend a 'local' shop to go into and buy a kit.

There are lots of them both kits and shops...

I know because while staying with my daughter in Bristol UK, I ordered stuff and it was delivered to my (sorry her) door the next day!

There were (once upon a time) local shops here on the West Rand and in Johannesburg that sold components. Where hobbyists and Radio Amateurs could buy components or even test gear. Sadly they are long gone since last century.

You can buy kits and components - for a price - and have them delivered by courier. Definitely not the Post Office! But for anyone who is not wanting to spend serious amounts of money, this is not really an option.

The club does have a certain amount of components. Most left to the club after hams going 'silent key'. Some members and other Radio Amateurs sell them off at our regular 'flea markets' / 'boot sales'. I prefer the term 'boot sale' as the other makes you want to bring your own fleas!

Some hams have 'junk boxes' with components and old radios that can be used for new construction projects. I do.

I was going to put a cartoon in here but I did a search for the one sent to me recently. It is from CartoonStock thus has copyright! So no cartoon of an old guy with his son outside the garage saying;"One day son all this will be yours."

To answer the Question

The 'simplest' type of radio useful to a Radio Amateur is a "Direct Conversion" type. In the past I have recommended several designs. All needing components that are getting scarcer by the week.

Recently (in the last few years) I have been component 'scavenging'. This produces all sorts of components. Some basic like transistors and others like PWM generator integrated circuits. Lots of electrolytic capacitors of low and high voltage. These are from 'blown' ATX power supplies used in personal computers. One good Highveldt storm and the power supply is 'dead'! As it is always connected to the mains supply.

So here is a circuit from last century. In fact QST 1968. It has been built by many Radio Amateurs and it does not require 'fancy' components.

It doesn't say a lot of things but you get the general idea from the blocks. Using 'scavenged' components you could build it fairly quickly. You can of course substitute the blocks with alternative components. Also you can specify what frequency band to have the pre-selector tune.

If you have been following the RAE course, then some of the blocks should be familiar to you. The 'local oscillator' is a 'Hartley Oscillator'. The mixer is a 'double-balanced' mixer using diodes. Which in those days would have been germanium types. Giving a low level requirement on the 'local oscillator'.

These days with the interference levels being so high, you should consider a 'high Q' tuned antenna. To reduce the 'broadband' noise from the front end.

This is a discussion piece maybe it will trigger some construction enthusiasts. I hope so.

73 John Brock ZS6WL